m OKIE 3& 13 El THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 1 asic w THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT By W. M. LIKINS, Author of "Patriotism Capitalized, or Religion Turned Into Gold." "The Ku Elux Elan, or The Rise and Fall of the Invisible Empire," etc. Copyrighted by W. M. LIKINS 19 2 8 - LIBRARY Titiu UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS INTRODUCTORY The revelations found in this book should stir the soul of every American citizen. The Ku Klux Klan is not yet dead ; it is striving desperately to have a "come back" and will if it is not most thoroughly exposed. This I believe has been successfully done in this and the other two books I have written on the officials of the Klan. The revelations reveal a condition existing in America one would be slow to believe could be possible, were it not for the fact I produce the proofs. The Ku Klux Klan, for the safety of America, must be killed. Its leaders should be sent to jail, where every one of them belong. They have amassed their millions through exploting a relgious sentiment and stirring up strife among the church people. The leaders of the Klan have but one idea in view-MAKE MONEY. The state and national officials of the Klan are void of either morals or honor, and for this reason I have not spared any of them. The Klan is here because disreputable, drunken and debauched leaders discovered they could rally mil- lions behind them, they pretending to be fighting the Roman Catholic Church, etc. But in fact these Klan officials do not care for any church, much less hate the Roman Catholic Church. MONEY is the beginning and the end, the alpha and omega of all the activities of these Klan officials. Those who read this book wiH be given some startling facts. We pass it on to the public to, and trust that it may help much to destroy an organization that is bound to involve this natioa m a religious war if it is not successfully exposed. It can hurt no one to read facts, and this book contains them, startling though they be. THE AUTHOR. 855092 THE LIBRARY TH^ UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS CHAPTER I. Some Early History of the KU KLUX KLAN Fitfy years from now, after H. W. Evans is dead and long in his grave, the school children of America will be taught to look upon him very much as they are taught today to look upon the memory of Benedict Arnold, Nero, or any other of the world's monstrous frauds and of the earth's most despised heings. The measure of Evans is just now being taken by those who know the facts, and by the time he is thoroughly exposed by the pulpit and the press the American peo- ple of today will have learned that their day and gen- eration brought to full fruition the most f radulent and dangerous organization ever known on the western continent, having at its head a monster who is all his self-styled name makes him, a "Wizard," an "Em- peror" of the Nero fashion, and a social fraud and cheat such as the earth has seldom seen, a man at the head of ten million men and women in these United States, preaching iunder disguise and for financial gain a set of principles as undying as the verities of life, and yet a man seemingly without one trace of Americanism in his body, and without one particle of true religion in his soul. This man who brought upon the south a campaign of floggings and kill- ings has launched another intensive campaing of brutal floggings that has for its central thought 6 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT the whole-sale torturing of both white and black in all parts of the nation, with an idea in his mind, no doubt, of compelling men and women to pay into his unholy and unrighteous treasury millions of dol- lars with which he can buy his wife diamond crowns build more yachts and erect additional and greater palaces, reside in homes on the order of emperors, and travel on the ocean like the rulers of ancient empires. To be a political and social monster such as I have above described would imply that one would need brains, but brains is something that Evans seems to be as void of as he is void of character. He has about as much of one as the other. It just so happens that he is the exact prototype of what the name "Ku Klux Klan" implies. He is at the head of that organization, which itself is sufficient proof that he is characterless, for wherever the name Ku Klux Klan is known it is known as a gang of brutal floggers, torturers, and any man willing and anxious to be known as the "Emper- or" of such an organization is one who surely has but little sense of decency left in his mental make-up, and no feelings of human-kindness in his soul, or else he would not choose to take on to himself the leadership of any body of people sailing under that name. In writing this chapter we do so with the full knowledge that what we say is about an organization that has initiated into its unholy folds more than nine million men and women during the last seven years, and has at its head a man who is fully capable of putting in motion all the hideous practices and barbaric tortures THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 7 the Ku Klux Klan of old is known to have carried out In selecting Evans to be its head satan did a good job and knew his stuff. We propose to show in this chapter, and in addi- tional ones we shall write, that the present Ku Klux Klan has been doing, on a very wide scale, exactly what the old Ku Klux Klan did on a smaller scale, flog- ging and torturing human beings, except the old Ku Klux Klan tortured and flogged men and women for the purpose of keeping down colored and black rule at a time when the carpet baggers from the north were threatening the security of the southern people, while the leaders of the Ku Klux Klan of today are flogging white and black, American and foreigner, and doing it not to preserve any virtue in the home, but for the purpose of filling their coffers with gold. In other words, the amount of gold that any flogging will bring in is the pendulum on which swings the question as to whether or not the flogging shall be or dered. The floggings that were carried on by the old Ku Klux Klan, though hideous they were, were carried on for the purpose of striking terror to the colored men of the south whom the carpet baggers were god- ing on to desperation, and such floggings were carried on **without money and without price," while the flog- gings that have been carried on by the present Ku Klux Klan are done for the purpose of financial gain. Tn that sense the present Ku Klux Klan is a thousand times worse than the old Ku Klux Klan, although their main object in one sense is the same — the flogging of 8 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT people. I know up north it is generally thought that the Ku Klux Klan does not carry on these brutal and gruesome practices, but in this regard the northern people are mistaken. Down south no one will deny that the present Ku Klux Klan brutally flogs, for everybody down south knows that it does flog- A leopard can not change its spots, and the present Ku Klux Klan is the same beast of a leopard that it was sixty years ago, except that it is now full grown and threatens to destroy this government unless the peo- ple rise and slay the monster it has grown to be. ^yShi 1915 an innocent enough man, Col. William Joseph Simmons, concluded he would organize a so- society in Atlanta and call it the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan. That was for fun and frolic, and never was the thought that it would actually become a flog- ging organization and that it would finally plunge this nation into one of the most bitter and dangerous re- ligious and race wars the world has ever seen. The Klan as Col. Simmons organized it was innocent, its members confined themselves to its social functions, such as the Mardi Gras or the Hallowe'en parties of today. The race question, the negro question, the Jew question, the Catholic question, none of these were ever dreamed of being incorporated into its make-up by Col. Simmons. People of Atlanta knew of it, and they laughed about it. Any one who wished to do so could join it if he had the character. Colonel Simmons plaiprarized, or rather adopted, to use a THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 9 milder term, many of the expressions that were used in the old Ku Klux Klan, such as Kleagle, King, Kleagle, Emperor, Wizard, Titan, Cyclops, Furors, Terrors, etc., etc. All these names and expressions were connected with the old Ku Klux Klan and were resurrected and made a part of the new Ku Klux Klan. They are not original with Col. Simmons at all, and required only a good imagination and some ingenuity on his part to work them into their proper and appropriate places. While none of the old Ku Klux Klan ritual and initiation ceremonies were in print, yet long after it had been disbanded by order of its founder, in the year 1878, these names and rituals were put in print and many books written about them. From these books Col- Simmons select- ed the various names, phrases, etc., one finds in the present rituals of the Ku Klux Klan, and about which one who reads it wonders so much. We are charit- able enough toward Col. Simmons to say he "adopt- ed" these names, rather than to say he plagiarized them. Fer several years after organizing the present Ku Klux Klan, Col. Simmons continuing at its head, the Colonel had a very hard time "making ends meet", nnd he did not prosper in a pecuniary way. He had no thoughts of making it an organization that would enrich its promoters, or those at its head. For five yoars he remained its '"Emperor" and "Wizard," and just about all the remuneration he got out of those high sounding titles were the joys and pleasures, or 10 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT kicks if you please, those titles gave him. Had the Ku Klux Klan remained what Colonel Simmons in- tended it to be when he organized it, the world would have been spared one of the most dangerous organiza- tions that has ever existed since civilization, for while the Klan has less than ten per cent the membership it had during its hey-dey, or in 1923 and 1924, yet its membership to-day possibly exceeds that of a million members, reduced to a mere wob, though a well org- anized mob, composed largely of the worst and most dangerous elements each community can afford, shel- tering thousands of habitual criminals, tens of thou- sands of excitable and crude individuals who would do anything their leaders tell them to do, with pos- sibly even yet a few well meaning men and women who have recently joined and have not even yet dis- covered its hideousness. Take this million men and women, if a million there are, and put at the head of such a bunch of men a man like Hiram Wesley Evans, whom we have very accruately described above, and you have an organization that is to be feared by every good man and woman in the country; an organization that can set into motion such a reign of terror and such a series of cruel beatings and floggings that Em- ma Gholdman never would have countenanced in her wild scramble to disrupt governments and to destroy present day society. With a man at the head of a mob who is void of conscience or feeling; with a man at the head of this well organized body of out- laws who can get pep and kick out of whipping 23 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 11 negroes in one night; with a man at the head of such an organization who could boast that the death of a Klansman his organization had planned to have killed had given him twenty-five thousand new members; with a man at the head of such an organization who would just as readily see murdered a thousand Pro- testants as one Catholic, if the murder of that thou- sand Protestants would give him a million new mem- bers—well, you would have an organization frought with more danger than all the traitors of the earth could inflict upon a nation like ours in a whole cen- tury. And I say here now, that unless this fraud of all frauds is speedily exposed, and even prosecuted, he is liable yet to throw this country into such a religious and race war as men and women of our age have not dreamed of. It is to check the rage of this wild bull that I am giving my life and energies. I believe he will be dethroned; I believe that society yet will find him his proper place and put him "where he be- longs, and will finally, and may I suggest, speedily, put the Ku Klux Klan itself out of business and treat it as an enemy to society, one that must for- ever be banished from our land. The fight will not be won until hundreds of Klan leaders are sent to the penitentiary and thousands of conniving and weak politicians are put in the same place. iJSut let us hark back to Col. Simmons- We see him slruggling with his new organization. It is now live years old and he is not much further than he was I lie first vear of its existence. It has no particular 12 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 13 object in view; its members have never yet discussed the Catholic question; they have not even thought of the wet and dry question; they knew nothing in their meeting of the awful and terrible "Jew," nor of any of the other questions the leaders of the Klan During these days of lean pickings by Col. Sim- vtalk about so much, mons along comes a man by the name of E. Y. Clarke, who was afterwards convicted in the Federal Courts at Houston, Texas, for white slavery. Clarke per- suades Col. Simmons to enter into a contract with him to "Sell the Ku Klux Klan to the American people" for ten dollars a head, Clarke keeping eight of the ten and sending two of it to Col. Simmons. S/Ths Col- was to have absolutely nothing to do with the marketing of the Klan; it was an iron clad con- tract the two signed. Simmons owned the Klan through both a copyright and a patent right. Not a soul on earth but Simmons could legally dispose of its destiny. The day that Col. Simmons signed that contract with Clarke was a red letter day for the in- habitants of hell, and the rejoicing in their kingdom must have been supreme, for it was on that day that the clock of civilization was set back a quarter of a century, the Christian church was raped, society rav- aged, and patriotism crucified, for Clarke started in motion a piece of human machinery that is still mak- ing grist for the mills of destruction and the hoppers of debauchery. -^Clarke was a broken down newspaper reporter, but he starts out to "sell the Klan.'* He quickly makes connections with four other gentlement who are to figure largely in the rise of the Invisible Empire. These four men were D. C. Stephenson of Indiana, Zeke Marv in, of Dallas, Texas. George F. Fox and H. W. Evans of the same city. This group soon be- came known as the "Big Five," and each of their names was upon the lips of every man and woman who attended the Klan meetings regularly between the years 1920 and 1922. Each one of the above men had his strong points; Clarke and Stephenson proved to be high-powered salesmen; Evans was noted for his brutality and coarse moral and physical make-up; Fox for his murderous and dare-devil capers, while Marvin was necessary in its early financing. Without Marvin possibly the other four could not have raised a hun- dred dollars cash at any bank whose cashier knew Ibem. Very likely no banker who knew either of the olher four would have given him twenty-five dollars on his own personal note. Yet every one of them ex- cept Stephenson was a man of almost middle age. I^-This is the bunch that sets out to "Christianize America, drive the Catholics out of the country, pro- tect the home and its virtues and to save the nation I i-om bootleggers." This is the bunch that "sold the Klan to the American Protestant people" at ten dol- lars a head. y/Each of the above knew advertising was necessary In putting the thing over. They knew the people were 855 boukd MAY 1961 14 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT ready for a big program of some sort, for great wars always prepare soil suitable for almost anything. It was decided to set in motion a series of negro-flog- gings, for these floggings would give the Ku Klux Klan more free advertising than a dozen million- aires like Zeke Marvin could give it were they to draw on their every resource. The floggings started si- multaneously with the rise of the Ku Klux Klan. [Just as rapidly as the floggings grew in number down south so rapidly did the Klan grow, until within a period of less than a year from the day the five started the floggings the Klan had over a half million mem- bers in the sixteen southern states^ Thousands of in- nocent negroes, hundreds of whites, were unmerci- fully and burtally whipped. The papers immedia- tely charged the leaders of the Ku Klux Klan as being responsible for these barbaric outrages, and these same leaders just as readily denied they had anything to do with them. So the country was soon reading about this southern organization, same name as the hideous thing of the seventies, and what is the coun- try to believe about it? The northern papers were quick to take up the publicity of these foul and in- human murders, floggings and tortures, nearly all of which were being committed by the Ku Klux Klan, but so secretly were they carried out that but little direct proof could be found. \7 The leaders preaching prohibition made them friends among the drys; their preaching against the Jews made them friends of the Jew-haters; their The Old Wizard and His Queen are having a great time Ohrist- ianizing America ! Said to be not an un- usual scene to take place in the Im p e r i a 1 Palace. 16 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT preaching for the purity of the women made them lovers among those who wished to preserve the home; their preaching against the Catholics made them friends of those who hated the Gotholic church, and their number is legion; their preaching against immigration made them friends among those who wished to see immigration checked. So these Klan leaders standing for so many things the American people really stand for themselves, men and women wishing these things did not see how the Klan lead- ers, even though they had adopted an unfortunate name, could be brutal enough to be the perpetrators of the floggings and murders taking place everywhere down south. Under such circumstances it was an easy matter for the Klan leaders to make the Amer- ican public believe the wicked city editors were lying on them, and so they quickly took advantage of the millions of dollars worth of free publicity these news- papers gave them and coined it into dollars and cents, and stuck the money in their pockets. The Klan obtained its full growth down south by the beginning of the year 1923. It never did get as strong down south as up north, except in possibly Texas, Alabama and Florida. Indiana was its best field of picking, and Ohio closely following. In In- diana by 1923 the Klan leaders were claiming over a half million members. By the middle of 1923 the leaders of Ohio claimed over a half million, and fin- ally Ohio went beyond the three-quarters of a million mark according to the assertions of the editors of THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 17 the various Klan papers during these days- Other northern states went over the top big, but none so big as these two, Pennsylvania being the next in line, giving the third largest membership. By the latter part of 1923 the national membership had reached its zenith, its national heads, through their national organ, stating that the total membership of both the men's and women's department had passed the nine million mark. These are THEIR figures, not ours, and can be verified by a hundred different publica- tions over their own signatures. If nine million men and women did not Join the Klan from 1920 to 1924 those responsible for the misstatements are the lead- ers of the Klan, for we quote only from their own tables of compilation. Then it was that the Klan began to fall off, and its falling off was just as precipitate as was its rise. In May of 1927 it was testified to by the head of the In- diana Klan that less than seventeen thousand persons in Indiana had their dues paid up, or a falling off of from over a half million in 1923 to that of less than twenty thousand in 1927; Ohio has the same story to (ell, Illinois is in the same table. As to the southern states, possibly no more than ten thousand members have their dues paid up in a single one of them ex- cept Texas, Alabama and Florida, and in these three states its membership is no doubt less than ten per <ont of the original membership. One can travel hundreds of miles in some southern states and never lind a single member of the Klan. We know, for we 18 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT have tried it But with all this, the Klan is still alive, and were we to guess at its actual membership we would say it is between three quarters of a million and a million. There are not many paid up members, possibly not over three hundred thousand paid up members, yet the Klan could rally a million to its banner any day Hiram Wesley Evans cracks his whip. If a riot call was sent out many old members, those who possibly never will again pay up their dues, would answer the call. I would say, then, that the actual strength of the Klan today is in the neighborhood of a million members. While that does not compare with the ten million it claimed at one time yet an organization that can call into battle an army of a million men and women is an organization a long way from the point where it can be called dead. But the Ku Klux Klan is exactly what its name inmplies — a flogging party, a whipping organization, a combination of brutal and soulless leaders who will stop at nothing short of death and burning at the stake. Not that all its membership is, or ever was, composed of such persons, but that its entire machin- ery, in so far as those at its head is concerned, are ALL criminal- An occasional honest man or wo- man may be mistakenly placed in important positions in the Klan, but all such either found good financial pickings for , themselves and became criminals, or they discovered its criminal activities and left the Klan. So when one makes the statement that all na- THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 19 tional and state Klan officials are criminals he can not be far wrong, as undisputed statistics are prov- ing, and as newly discovered facts are showing. And WHY are all the national officials criminals and crooks? Let us see if we can make that perfectly plain. First of all, its name is criminal. There is not one single good thing about its name. Its name suggests to every intelligent man and woman throughout the nation a band of men whose sole business is to flog people and otherwise torture them. That is exactly I low the present Ku Klux Klan was put on the map, and every leader of the present Ku Klux Klan is given to understand that if thought wise he is to whip and flog in every instance given. There was not a Klan leader in these whole United States who had any im- portant position with the Klan but that knew that one feature of his official business was to whip and flog if it was thought by those higher up in authority that such floggings would rebound to the growth of the Klan and to the ingathering of the gold for its leaders. In the next place, who were the five men who put I be thing over? One of them is serving a life sen- '< nee in the Atlanta penitentiary for the murder of •'iptain Coburn; a second of them is serving a sim- ilar sentence in the Michigan City penitentiary in Indiana for the killing of a little girl; a third one was < onvicted for white slavery in the Federal Courts at Houston, Texas, while a fourth is said to have made B million dollars out of bootleg liquor, and two mil- 20 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT lion dollars out of the Klan; the fifth one, H. W. Evans, is being too well discussed in this book for it to be necessary here for me to tell you anything about him, other than to say he has made any where from five to thirty million dollars out of the Klan since his connections with it six years ago, and is possibly, of the five, the most to be feared, and one whose gen- eral history would show a veritable stream of crim- inal acts on the part of his organization since he has been at its head. Taking the word of D. C. Stephenson for it, and surely he is good authority, as he had under his care in 1922 twenty-one states, one of these states being Pennsylvania, we find that out of the thirty-two state heads of the Klan in 1922 twenty-one of them had served terms in either the penitentiary or in some jail. If that be true, and Stephenson says it is true, then the very heads of the Klan in each state were composed of criminals. What sort of men would they likely select to head the county and local Klans? In Indiana a veritable stream of these crim- inals flowed out of jails in a dozen different counties and they became the most effective Klan organizers Stephenson could secure- ^D:illns, Texas, sent out a horde of these criminal organizers that were one to print the names of all of them it would look like the records of the police court of that big southern cityTj From Alabama came a great throng of these crim- inals, scores of them out of the jail in Birmingham, coming up north to Christianize the terrible north- THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 21 erner. Kentucky let loose a regular flood of these criminal Klan organizers, and Virginia scattered an- other flock of these vultures all over the land. Neither was the northern states without their crim- inal and immoral organizers. Many of the Klan or- ganizers up north turned out to be well known police characters back in their home counties. While the north was a haven of rest for the southern criminals who flocked up here to save us from the Catholic, bootlegger and home wrecker, yet these southern criminals found good bed-fellows in the criminal northerners who joined their forces with the south- erners, and each of them made good when it came to dollars and cents in the Klan work. In this book are narrations of the most gruesome ;ind torturous practices of Klan leaders, substantiated by affidavits that are undisputed, all going to show that what we have stated here in a national way has proved to be a fact in so far as Pennsylvania is con- cerned. Then when it is remembered that in Penn- sylvania was possibly the highest grade of citizen- ship that was found in the membership of any state in the nation, one wonders how it could be possible that any set of men could so degrade themselves as the Klan leaders degraded themselves all over the nation. Has Evan's Empire failed? It grew to great pro- portions, at one time a power that few men dared to dispute, or criticize. But today we see it lying pros- Irate on its back, with its legs turned up like a dying worm, endeavoring to again get on its feet, and to 22 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT possibly rise and slaughter all it left untouched that is worth having. Will the tottering, prostrate Klan again rise to shake its bony fingers at a frightened and trembling public, or will the American people, now that this vulture is struggling for breath, smite it once more until the thing is dead for good and all? The outcome is for the future to disclose. I believe most thoroughly that H. W. Evans, through his criminal aggregation of state heads and local and county heads, is right now inaugurating the worst reign of terror this country has ever yet wit- nessed- Thousands are being whipped, not only now in the south, but right here in Pennsylvania, several girls just in their teens having been recently flogged most unmercifully near Philadelphia. All over the south the news comes sifting through the press of a repetition of Klan work of 1920 and 1922. Thousands who are flogged never make known the fact, for the Klan" leaders tell them if they divulge the secrets they will murder them next. Unless checked these flog- gings will soon be the every day menu, not only of the southern states, but of the northern states as well. That H. W. Evans is the one who is responsible for the setting in motion of the machinery for these flog- gings, I have not the slightest doubt, and that his henchmen are the ones who are putting them into execution I have every reason to believe. Finally, no | doubt, the aim of this, the most gigantic criminal America has ever wittnessed, at the proper and psy- cological moment, after he has driven old Klansmen THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 23 back into his Invisible Empire, and after he has co- erced millions of others to join his treacherous and leprous kingdom, to order priests murdered, negroes flogged and beaten, Jews killed and all foreigners driven from the land, leaving him and his followers to possess the wealth and beauties of such of the country as would be left. And audacious program? He is an audacious man? A brutal program? He is a brutal man? An inhuman program? He is at the head of an inhuman organization. Can it be carried out? No, not if prop- er publicity is given to it; yes, if the American press lies low, cowering when duty calls for merciless pub- licity. I was in the Klan long enough to know that there is so much hatred for the Catholic church in this country among the low class of white men, nearly nil non-church members, that were Evans to order a general burning at the stake of Catholic priests that hundreds of them would be the victims of brutal out- rages. There is but one disposition to make of Evans; let an impartial court and jury try him for I reason to the United States government and in this I rial connect every state head of the Klan, every ( ! rand Dragon, and make them co-defendants for the nne crime, then bring every brutal act of the Klan 1 1 gainst American citizens and make these acts their i els, for the Klan being a military organization, and [ts members having nothing to do but to obey, these ni(>n naturally are responsible for the acts of their 24 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT subjects. If this were done almost every one of them could be convicted for treason. If the Klan is allowed to live, our government will fall. Which is the stronger, the Klan or the government? Who is the mightiest, Evans or the president of the United States ? We will see. CHAPTER H Shameful and Criminal Practices of Klansmen Led By Corrupt Officials In a former chapter we explained how the officials of the Ku Klux Klan had corrupted everything they touched; how the Klan was put over by a bunch of as unscrupulous men as ever breathed free air; we named the men who were responsible for its exploita- tion and how they piled up for themselves millions of dollars. What is true of the national organization is also true of state and local organizations. The promoters of the Klan were out to make money, and money being always their great driving point they did not fear to commit any kind of a crime they thought would help them to make money out of their husiness, for with them the Klan was a business, and a mighty profitable business too. But with all their money-making they were preach- ing patriotism, and at every out-door meeting, and almost every other gathering one could go to, these leaders saw to it that plenty of flags and bunting were on hand to help them work up their audiences. These things had their effects on those who listened lo the fiery speeches as they would roll from the mouths of the glib speakers. Religion was stressed - ; Christ is a Xlansman's criterion. "Non silva sed an- ther,*' or "Not for self but for others," was the motto Klansmen were taught to live up to. All this sounded fine, but when we were told to "live for others" we 26 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 27 had no idea these glib talkers had in mind Klan of- ficials when they would use the words "for others," for that is exactly what a Klansman's life was for, to sacrifice on the altar of humiliation that their leaders might coin piles of gold. "Non silva sed anther" cer- tainly was an appropriate motto if one has in mind the Klan officers. Then we were told that bootleggers must all be either run out of the country, or put in jail. How the bootleggers were pictured as hideous monsters all Klansmen can remember. Then the Jew was given a going-over, and we were told how the Jew is ruining this country, controlling about all the banks, direct- ing the great daily newspapers, exploiting the pic- ture shows, and that if he is allowed to continue in his wild race for wealth he will ultimately have all the American people at his feet, as serval slaves. The purity of the home was taken up, and on this Klan speakers would talk most earnestly, and urge on society the necessity of keeping the home spotless. This all sounded good. Little did the audience know that practically all Klan speakers who were sent out from abroad by the Klan officials were living impure lives themselves. However, it worked, it had its ef- fects, causing millions of men and women to believe that the Klan had a noble purpose in view. Along this line the negro was dwelt on, and the speakers would explain how the negro always has been a race of degenerates. Of course, these speakers knew noth- ing of the history of Egypt, or of the glorious his- tory of the great empires the black race at one time ruled over. They only saw the negro as he is today, not recognizing that if he was once able to rule empires that he might do so again; that he could once more climb as high on the social scale as he had climbed on former occasions. But this served their purpose, and the average man being himself more or less ignorant of history, drank all of it down as if it was good logic and sound reasoning. Then the Catholic was jumped on, and here is where the speakers would score most of their points. He pictured the Pope as worming his way into Amer- ica; he pictured the Pope getting ready to come to Washington, moving his Vatican to our national cap- ital. These false profits, out for what money they could make out of the game, declared in 1923 that the Pope was to set up his super government in Washing- Ion in 1925, move his Vatican to our national capital, Mild come himself and direct his campaign of subju- gation. The Knights of Columbus were pictured as having great armies ready to go out and do battle, lliese speakers declaring that the Knights of Colum- bus maintain regular arsenals of guns, bombs, pow- der, and everything needed in great rebellions. They maintained that in the basement of every Catholic Church these guns and instruments of war were stor- ed away, and that in all the schools, colleges, academ- les, old men's and children's homes, were found war- ring instruments, guns, and even cannons were said l<> be in these buildings. They were told that they 28 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 29 taught their children to obey the Pope and to hate the United States government. These Klan speakers would relate in a most vivid way how Catholic priests would teach their subjects not to have anything to do with Protestants, that all Protestants were heathen, and that the children of Protetsants were illegitimate children, as their parents were not married. Ima- gine how an audience of Protestants, made up for the most part of those Protestants who did not read much history and who would like to have others do their thinking, would feel when these speakers would work themselves up into fever heat with gyrations and excitement, thundering against the Roman Cath- olic church with their mighty voices. Under such circumstances as these it was easy enough to get an audience composed of a thousand persons to give up a hundred klectokens, or a thousand dollars in all, and with hopes of obtaining many other new mem- bers later on. Possibly one of the strongest points these Klan speakers would make with the average audience would be when they would attack the morals of the priests. I have heard these speakers declare that all priests are immoral, that they make out of the nuns mere concubines; that instead of the priests having NO wives, they have many wives, all the nuns being recognized by them as their wives. To clinch this point these speakers would tell of finding babies in the cellars of homes for the nuns and in the cellars of Catholic schools; they would tell where babies were found in the basements of Catholic churches and other institutions, put away there, they would claim, by Catholic priests. Under those circumstances, it is no wonder the American Protestant in so large num- bers fell so easily for the rot they were being handed. "Fight the devil with his own fire" is the motto I have adopted in fighting the Klan leaders, and in fighting the Klan itself, for the institution is a danger- ous one, and must be destroyed. It is a military or- ganization, according to their own words, and as such it should be exposed. Fate has it, that every crime of which these speakers accused the Catholics being guilty they themselves are guilty of the same crimes- These speakers accused the Catholics of gathering together great arsenals of warring instruments, and the Klan leaders are doing the same thing, affidavits from Klansmen by the hundred proving it; they ac- cused the Catholic church of being disloyal to the United States government, and these Klan leaders have set up for themselves what is known by them as ;i "super government," and they call its head an "Emperor," and seem to be proud of it; these Klan lenders teach their subjects to first be loyal to Hiram Wesley Evans, then their government comes next; indeed, their very oath indicates such to one who takes it; they accuse the Catholics of teaching their children to first obey the Pope, then the United States government, and this is exactly what the Klan leaders .tie doing, for the members of the Junior Klan are nil taught to obey the 'Emperor" first and then the The Wizzard is suppos- ed to have personally flogged over five hun- dred negroes. He's a successful Christianizer THE TEAIL OF THE SERPENT 31 government next. These Klan leaders declare that all priests are immoral. I never met a Klan leader in my life that I believed was living a straight moral life; they were rotten, drunken, many of them dope fiends, and about all of them were licentious. They accused the priests of doing away with their babies born to the nuns, while these Klan leaders them- selves had babies scattered all over the country where they had traveled. They accused the priests of almost every conceivable immoral practice, and these very Klan leaders would get out with the Klan leaders of the women and carouse around all night, some of them drunken, some half drunk, and all of them having a good time with other men's wives, these other men's wives often being the Kleagles of the women's Klan. Don't say these are just mere charges and can not he proved, for in this very book we give affidavit after affidavit proving all these things. There never was a more immoral bunch of men living than those at the head of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan. There is not a local Klan in the United States, if it ever at- tained to a membership of one hundred persons, but (hat had one or a dozen of these scandals to crop out right in its midst. Any Klansman who attended with any degree of regularity can testify to this fact. Those concerned in immoral practices were always the leaders. And yet these leaders presume to crit- icise the Roman Catholic Church for immorality, treason and murder. We are simply slinging back 32 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 38 into the dirty faces of these leaders the sentiment of Nathan when he said to David, "Thou art the man." When we hear these Klan leaders making charges like the above against the Catholic priests, or against any other body of people, we declare "Thou art the man," and before we get through with this chapter we pro- pose to prove it. Keeping in mind the above let us examine for a while the actual workings of a state Klan, and on down to its local fabric. Let us take, for instance, Pennsylvania, and see what the Klan is under the rule of Hiram Wesley Evans in this very state. Penn- sylvania is by no means the worst state. Today the Klan governor of Indiana stands indicted by a grand jury; the Klan mayor of Indianapolis was forced to resign as mayor and is indicted on a number of ser- ious charges. At the time this is being written Mayor Duvall of Indianapolis stands convicted as a criminal, has resigned his office, and Governor Ed Jackson is being tried for bribery. What is true of Pennsylvania is true of every state in the union so far as the Klan goes. Late in 1920 a person by the name of Sam Rich came to this state and set up headquarters in Pitts- burgh under an advertising agency. Rich dug around for a while and secured a following, among whom were a number of ministers of the gospel in the local western Pennsylvania churches. Remem- ber, now, that under the Klan government, it being a military organization, and the Emperor, or Wizard, having all power, Rich was working directly under him and the acts of Rich are the acts of the Wizard. Rich was brought here by D. C. Stephenson, the Big Klan Dragon of Indiana, Stephenson at that time hav- ing under his control the heads of twenty-one states, Pennslyvania being one of these states. Stephenson is now serving a life term in the Indiana state peni- tentiary for the foul murder and mutilation of a young Indianapolis girl. Rich, as it turned out, was just about such a man as Stephenson, except he did not have the intellect Stephenson had, yet did possess the cunning Stephenson possessed. Rich gathered around him all sorts of organizers, hut most of them were soon banished, or they quit, or else they turned out bad and went along with the rest of the gang. Possibly over a hundred organizers, Kleagles, etc., were brought to Pennsylvania from I lie south, some of them from Indiana, and as to these they all turned out bad. Generally these or- ganizers would get in trouble with people's wives in the towns and cities in which they were working, and I hat would destroy their usefulness there, so they would be transferred to other territory, and then other organizers would be sent into the territory out of which the first batch was driven. This was kept tip for several years, and to a very large degree clear until Rich himself was driven from the state in shame and disgrace. Out of all the principal organ- i Eers that ever worked for Rich, there are not a dozen of them today who are respected at their homes as 34 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT a man, and every one of these are banished from the Klan by the foul men at its head, most of them with- out a trial. Certainly, hundreds of local fellows who became Kleagles in a small way, and worked for Rich for a while, are still respectable men, but these fellows have long since ceased their connection with the Klan and are earning their living in their own communities in a legitimate way. It would be safe to say, that out of that class of persons who worked for Rich, seventy-five per cent were banished and the others quit. If you have a good moral standing at home, known for your honesty, and then work yourself up in your local Klan to the point where some of the boys want you to go higher, the state heads will kill you off by banishing you. No, the state heads do not want honest and moral men with them. During the five years Sam Rich was at the head of the Klan in Pennsylvania he was guilty of almost every crime known to the criminal laws of the state or nation. As to the nation, he surely was guilty of treason. He beat the United States government out of tens of thousands of income tax, and that crime is not a minor one, either. He used the United States mails to defraud the people, and that crime is a hein- ous one. He is guilty of murder, or attempted mur- der. He would come under the lynch law, for on more than one occasion he aided in lynching, or try- ing to lynch, two negroes, having a barrel of oil in one instance ready to put the negro in, then hang him THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 35 and set fire to his clothes. On the other occasion the negro had the rope tied to his neck, drawn up, kept there until his tongue stuck out, and then some mem- ber of the crowd got cold feet and he was taken down. After the poor fellow was taken down he was kicked in the stomach, kicked in the mouth, cut, bruised and then the dirty bunch under the com- mand of Sam Rich left him to get home the best the poor fellow could. On the other occasion the fellow Sam Rich had ordered to bring the negro did not show up with his man, and then Rich banished him from the Klan for "lack of bravery." While in the Klan Rich fomented riots, of course all this under the direction of Hiram Wesley Evans. According to affidavits filed in the Federal courts Sam Rich and Doc Evans are responsible for the Carnegie Riot and for the death of Thomas R. Abbott. Sam Rich had intended to have H. E. A. MacNeeL Of Kittanning, killed, instead of Thomas R. Abbott, I he one shooting Abbott simply getting the "wrong man." An affidavit is filed in the Federal Court •ill owing this to be the case. While here Sam Rich organized more than one fraudulent stock game, selling over three hundred thousand dollars of this worthless stock to the Klan hoys throughout the state- He and his associates alole every cent of the money derived from the sale of this stock and never has made any effort or at- h'mpt to pay it back. It is a certainty that Hiram Wesley Evans shared liberally in the divide of this 36 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT loot as Evans was one of the big promoters back of the fake "Dispatch Publishing Company," and he surely would not have been promoting its sale if he had not been getting a divide. Evans stated on the platform while making an address at Carnegie that he himself owned over fifty per cent of the stock in the Dispatch Publishing Company and that the paper would always be a Klan paper. He advised all the boys present to take stock in the company and help them to "keep America in the hands of the Protest- ants." Both Rich and Evans knew when the Wizard made that speech that the paper never would be pub- lished a day, and Evans made it to help Sam Rich un- load the fraudulent stock. Several things protected Sam Rich while he was in Pennsylvania, or else he would have been driven out long before he was. One of these was the soft-headed bunch he had to deal with. One could insult the av- erage Klansman, skin him alive, spit upon him, and abuse him in almost any other way, and he would usually take it. In other words, if Rich "pulled the legs of Klansmen" the average Klansman did not have the nerve to fight back. This saved the King Kleagle from deserved prosecution in more than a thousand different cases. Then Sam Rich had the Wizard behind him in all he undertook. It is said that Sam Rich was closer to Hiram Wesley Evans for a longer period of time than any other one man in America. Sam Rich today is one of the Wizard's closest friends, and while Rich is no longer in Penn- THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 37 sylvania, yet he is drawing down a fancy salary from the Wizard for work he is now doing. Sam Rich be- ing the kind of a man we have declared above, all of which is supported by many affidavits filed in the Pittsburgh Federal Courts, what kind of a man would Evans need to be to cause him to embrace Pennsylvania's ex-Grand Dragon so long and lov- ingly? With this cursory review of the activities of Sam Kich let us now get down to more detail and to local facts and incidents as they took place over the state, proven and certified to by an army of Klansmen in such a manner that the truth of these stories as we narrate them can hardly be doubted. Let us take the horirble butchery at Carnegie as it occured on that fateful and terrible night of Aug. 25, 1923, and trace I he crimes and the outrages committed on Klansmen at that place to their proper and rightful source, Down south the flogging of negroes enabled the Klan leaders to reap vast harvests of new members. Up north that cruel system did not work so well mid it never was used up here as a means to obtain new members- When it was used it was generally for the purpose of affording sport for a few of the Klan leaders, the rank and file of the Klan up north Hot even being told that such practices were carried Oil inside the Klan. The lash was used up north i|iiite frequently to keep recalcitrant Klansmen mum ii nd to "instill the fear of God in their hearts." This II also testified to by a number of Klansmen in their \ 38 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT affidavits in the Federal Courts. But up north an-, other plan did work, and it worked well, in obtain- ing new members. The plan as inaugurated under the Evans rule was to have riots up here; get the Catholics and Protestants to lighting each other; to create conditions whereby Klansmen themselves would be murdered. Tha,t stirred the "good red blood in the veins of every Protestant American," these Klan speakers would yell to the top of their voice after they would have finished telling how Klansmen were "killed" and "beaten and murdered" by Cath- olics and foreigners. That surely did stir up the hearts of most Americans when they would hear these leaders belch forth in all their fury their hat- reds to the Catholic church. We take the Carnegie riot as a single illustration because it has become more widely known than any other riot caused by the leaders of the Klan and also because it served their purposes for which it was created better and brought them in more money than any other one riot they created. CHAPTER HI. The Cornegie Riot Sam Rich was in his hey-dey; Evans was reaping millions out of the klectokens of the boys who would join. More members are needed, for the old adage "make hay while the sun shines" was being put in practice by Evans and his horde of purloiners. So a great day was planned at Carnegie, the most foreign neighborhood, with one or two exceptions, in the Pittsburgh district. Surely a Klansmen will be kill- ed there, thought these two human pirates, Evans and Rich. It was planned to have thirty thousand Klansmen present and they were to meet on the great hill overlooking that peaceful and industrail Pittsburgh district. Early in the day the Klansmen began to arrive and a veritable stream of white robed men and women, and often children, kept pouring into the fields until late in the evening. Possibly twenty thousand were there, some driving for fifty and a hundred miles, to "see the sights," as it had been most thoroughly and systematically advertised throughout all this region and even into Ohio and West Virginia. Klansmen by the thousands left their work, "got a day off," quit their business, jump- ed into their cars, took their families along, and all I hat they might, as they thought, do something to "keep America Protestant.*' A Klansman must be killed; two aQ the better, but 40 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT kill one by all means, was the motto of Sam Rich and Doc. Evans if we take into consideration all the tes- timony bearing on that question. Both Rich and Evans desired to make sure that a Klansman is kill- ed, if again we must believe what seems to be un- disputable evidence. These two un-American human pirates, from all we can learn, selected Harry E. A. MacNeel as the one to have "knocked off" that night, in case the riot occurred, and they were going to see to it that a riot WOULD occur if the foreign element and the Catholics of Carnegie could be goaded into fighting. Their man having been selected to be shot, or murdered, it seems that these two men, Evans and Rich, had secured a gunman, from where we do not know, to do the shooting. This "gunman" may have been a member of the "Homestead Wrecking Crew," which is another name for a gang of gunmen, and then again he may have been secured from some organized society of gunmen from New York, or some other great city. But it appears they had se- cured the gunman, if we are to believe the affidavits sworn to by more than one Klansman, from the "Homestead Wrecking Crew," an organization of murderers the Homestead Klan had organized among its leading members. At least two witnesses have tes- tified that they saw a Klansman shoot Abbott, and in ten minutes after they shot him Abbott was dead. All afternoon and evening the entire hill was a reg- ular foment of excitement; it seemed that every one there was expecting trouble, and fight was just about X THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 41 all that was discussed. It was not known by these Klansmen and their wives and children that the hu- man brutes at the head of the Klan wanted trouble that they might coin the blood of Klansmen into gold, for had it been these pirates themselves would no doubt have been murdered before they had an op- portunity to leave the hill. Late in the evening everything was ready; Klansmen had been worked up into a frenzy by exciting and inflaming speeches; the authorities in Carnegie fearing trouble had denied the Klan the right to parade in the streets of that city; the Klan leaders on the hill, those at the head of the super government, had declared that they would parade in spite of the civil authorities. If this is not treason what is tieason? The Klan is a mili- tary organization, with its members sworn to obey its officials and to respect the edicts and orders of its emperor. The acts of the Klan are the acts of the Klan Emperor. The people of the city having been worked up to the highest pitch of excitement, the Klansmen and Klanswomen also having been stirred to a point of desperation, both sides were fixed, as Evans and Rich had planned it to be done, for trouble- Almost midnight the parade started IN SPITE OF and in defi- ance to the civil authorities of Carnegie. Harry E. A. MacNeel, who is in his sixties, as well as a cripple, but who is known throughout a number of states as a prominent member of the Knights of Malta, was placed at the head of the parade, or just 42 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT back of those leading it, with Thomas R. Abbott just in front of him. Sam Rich and Hiram W. Evans stationed themselves about thirty feet behind Mac- Neel, evidently so as to witness the terrible scene they seem to have so cunningly planned. The riot oc- curred just as it was arranged for it to occur. No one who was there would deny that the foreign element in Carnegie was goaded on to do what it did do. If outraged members of the Catholic church had shot a hundred Klansmen they could have hardly been blamed for doing so, for these persons had been in- sulted by the burning of fiery crosses, the shooting of pistols, the howling and hissing of Klansmen, until they were not normal, and under such circumstances as these, could not well be normal. The riot had not been started three minutes until the firing of a gun from an alley brought down Thomas R. Abbott, of Atlasburg, Pa., a young Klansman who had been ini- tiated that night among two thousand other persons. Abbott falling into the arms of Harry E. A. MacNeel, who was just behind him, Abbott dying in a few minutes . Sam Rich and Doc. Evans saw their man fall, evidently thinking it was MacNeel, and they started to run for the rear, with their hats off, yelling to the marching Klansmen to right about face- Both Evans and Rich proved themselves to Le cowards, not even stopping to defend the women and child- ren in the crowd, nor going and helping to -, care for Abbott and the other wounded Klansmen. Scores of Klansmen were wounded. It is testified to by sev- THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 43 eral persons making affidavits, that at least FOUR persons were killed. Evidently MacNeel had been placed at the head of the marchers, the gunman was shown him and told to pick him off when the line reached a certain point. The gunman got the wrong man. McDermott, a local undertaker, and a Catho- lic, was tried for the shooting and killing but came clear. No further efforts were ever made by Klan attorneys to discover the guilty party, for the lead- ers of the Klan evidently knew how Abbott was shot, and certainly for what purpose he was shot. It is clear that McDormatt was framed by Rich, Evans and others. We have dozens of affidavits concerning the Carne- gie Riot, and every one of them assert the murder was all planned, and planned for the purpose of en- abling Evans and his bunch of gangsters to gather in new members. Evans stated on the platform that very evening after Abbott had been killed that his murder would give the Klan twenty-five thousand new members, and months after it had happened his national organ declared that through the death of Thomas R. Abbott the Klan had reaped a harvest of twenty-five thousand new members. When Evans made his first statement concerning the possibilities of the death of Abbott the murdered Klansman had not grown cold in death. Wounded Klansmen were lying on the grass right under the Wizzard's feet, the Wizzard standing on a platform making his talk. Harry E. A. MacNeel has filed an affidavit in the Fed- 44 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT eral Courts in which he discusses as an eye witness the Carnegie riot, and there can be no more interest- ing reading, or helpful revelations made, than for us to quote liberally from that affidavit, as follows: A STARTLING AFFIDAVIT Harry E. A. MacNeel, being duly sworn according to law, deposes and says that he was connected with the plaintiff corporation, the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, from November, 1921, to September, 1924, and during which time he acted as Exalted Cyclops of Kittanning Klan Provisional, and Kleagle of Arm- strong County, Pennsylvania, that he was instrumen- tal in getting approximately five thousand members naturalized into the plaintiff corporation; that he was promised $4.00 per member for every applicant taken into said organization of each Klecktoken fee of $10-00, but was only paid on about six hundred members, or Twenty Four Hundred Dollars, and that there is now due and owing this verifier from plain- tiff corporation the sum of approximately Seventeen Thousand Six Hundred Dollars, but on September 23rd, 1924, this verifier was banished from said Or- ganization without notice and trial, or any charges preferred, and settlement and balance due was re- fused, and the same is still owing and due this veri- fier for his labors in behalf of the plaintiff corpora- tion. This verifier says that his character and repu- tation has been ruined and damaged on account of his connection with the above Organization, and its THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 45 unlawful methods of procedure, and illegal acts. That he was present in the State Office in the Jenkins Ar- cade Building in the City of Pittsburgh, Penna., and overheard a conversation between the Imperial Rep- resentative, Sam D, Rich, and one Dr. Daughtery, in which was discussed the kidnapping of the four year old Ulrich child, and which Dr. Daugherty objected to the plaintiff corporation participating in such out- rages, but that the said Sam D. Rich insisted that on behalf of the Klan, and for its good, he, as the acting Grand Dragon and Imperial Representative, intended to get the child from its mother and give it to its father, George Ulrich, and which child was after- wards kidnapped by Sam D. Rich and a band of Klansmen in East Liberty. It was through the know- ledge of this verifier, of this and many other illegal and unlawful acts, that caused the Sam D. Rich to banish this verifier on the above date. This verifier has reason and cause to believe that on account of his knowledge of these various criminal acts he was a marked man, and was intended to be shot instead of Thomas R. Abbott at the Carnegie riot on August 25th, 1923. That all expenses and costs of the various demonstrations held throughout the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania were borne by the plaintiff corpora- tion as will be shown by an audit report herewith filed in connection with this affidavit That in the year 1926 the said Sam D. Rich received a salary of $10,000.00 per annum, and his fees coming from newly naturalized members in the Eastern part of 46 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT Pennsylvanai amounted to $32,000.00 additional, making his income amount to approximately $42,- 000.00 as shown by the report exhibited at the trial of the said Sam D. Rich, and now in possession of the plaintiff corporation, and yet the plaintiff corpor- ation never expended one cent for the relief of the needy members of said Order. This verifier further says that the plaintiff corporation pays its spekaers as much as $50.00 per night, has a horde of private detectives and secret service men on high salaries, has the most expensive offices possible in the City of Washington, D. C, for its attorneys and Imperial officials, who travel in private cars, and put up at the most expensive hotels. The Imperial Wizard has always with him his private body guards, while the plaintiff corporation is well supplied with gunmen and sluggers who are always present whenever oc- casion arises. This "Invisible Empire," with its Em- peror, is an independent military organization of its own, and is run separate and apart from the United States. The Imperial Representative and Active Grand Dragon of the Commonwealth of Pennsylva- nia had more than sixty under cover men employed to spy on the membership of the Knights of the Ku KIux Klan in the State of Pennsylvania, all of whose salaries and expenses were borne by plaintiff cor- poration. To the demonstration of the plaintiff cor- poration held at Kittanning on September 13th, 1924, a large visiting delegation from Ohio came fully equipped with sawed-off shot guns concealed under THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 47 their robes, anticipating trouble with the citizens of Kittanning, many of whom are Catholics, foreigners, and holding different creeds of belief, and many of whom are property owners and tax payers residing within the Borough of Kittanning. I might add that this demonstration there was an approximate at- tendance of between forty and fifty thousand Klan men, many of whom had come from several sur- rounding states. In the Fall of 1923 verifier was fur- nished with several hundred blank forms and re- quested to make oue detailed reports of each and every happening that might be of interest to the of- ficials at Pittsburgh and at Atlanta, in order that rep- remands might be made as the officials saw fit. A copy of the report was to be retained for my own filesj one copy went to Sam D- Rich, Imperial Repre- sentative, for his use, and the third copy for the use of the office at Pittsburgh, and the fourth and last copy was sent to the Imperial Wizard so that he could keep in touch with all matters and scandals of each community. A spy system on all neighbors is kept up and blackmailing was very frequently resorted to. At the time of my banishment a Mr. Wolf, and several other Klansmen forcefully entered my apart- ment and made a complete search of all my property and belongings, and carried away many of my valu- able papers in order to ascertain if anything was in verifier's posession which might be damaging and in- criminating against the plaintiff organization, or any ff its officials. THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 49 The Ku Klux Klan ia the game, whether in the South or in the North The lash is used everywhere by the Klan Icwlow. While thousands of negroes were whipped throughout the South by Klan leaders were tortured in every state of the Union. The above ncene represent several Klan leaders hanging a negro near Pittsburgh, Pa., after the Grand Dragon had ordered the beastly deed carried out. One of the Klansmen who was helping in the brutal affair got "cold feet" and cut the rope before the negro had been killed. After the poor fellow fell to the ground, he was kicked and bruised and left to get home the best he could. The North can no longer point the finger of scorn at the South. The Klan has introduced brutality into even the Quaker State This verifier now says that from an intimate know- ledge of the plaintiff corporation dated back as early us November, 1921, he is able to say that the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan is an enemy of law and order, a foe of Christianity and civilization, a wrecker of civil and religious liberty, a violator of the Constitution of the United States, an organized system of murder, lorture, arson, lynching, kidnapping, fomenter of pri- vate hatreds, and in my judgement from actual per- sonal knowledge obtained, the greatest and most gi- gantic criminal conspiracy that ever existed in Amer- ica. It should be dealt with as a traitor to God and country. The most vile and wicked outrage of it all is that the hooded mask is used by the plaintiff Cor- poration as the refuge of the coward, the scoundrel, and highwayman, to conceal its identity and assist in the organized perpetration of criminal outrages. The Knights of the Ku Klux Klan has what they denominate as their "official dynamiters," and with the fiery cross, indulge in warning citizens, and more especially Catholics, of diff erent communities. In the month of June, 1924, to the personal knowledge of this verifier, a band of hooded and masked Klans- men, under the command of the plaintiff corpora- tion, and its officials, visited a farmer in Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, near the village of Worthing- ton, placed a card on the front door of his home with a threatening warning styled as the "First Warning," and signed "K. K. K.** They erected a fiery cross in his front yard, and exploded a charge of dynamite 50 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 51 with such terrific force as to hreak all the windows in his dwelling house, and cracked glasses in the win- j dows of the dwellings of Worthington, approximate- ly a distance of four miles away, this all being a part of the "First Warning." This man was a Russellite, and it being a part of the lesson as taught to the Klans- men by the Imperial Wizard, Hiram Wesley Evans, himself, that "this warning would throw the fear of God into the hearts of aliens," (the Catholics, the Jews, the negroes and foreigners). This verifier has heard it proclaimed from the speeches and inflama- tory utterances of their paid speakers delivered in j the various Klaverns, that the time will come when we must have a religious war, and it will be neces- sary to shoot Catholic priests down in the streets like dogs. Every occurrance and demonstration and parade was in competition with each other, and the ambition to pull off the rawest and most wierd ex- citable and sensational stunts, such as riots, lynch- ings, kidnappings, tar and feathering people. All of these intimidations were to be pulled off without any efforts of giving the parties notice, any opportunity of trial or defence, and constitutional justice, but in fact to establish an "Invisible Empire" under the "Im- perial Wizard," with the ultimate intention of en- circling the entire globe, and crushing out all Catho- lics, Jews and negroes, and mnke the whole world one powerful "Invnsible Empire" having only one head, whose word sha be law, and his name was to have been the Imperial Wizard, Hiram Wesley Evans. All of the above facts I know, my knowledge be- ing obtained through a close and intimate connection with the Imperial Wizard, Hiram Wesley Evans, and with the Imperial Representatives and Acting Grand Dragons, Sam D. Rich and others, while carrying out the duties assigned to me while connected with the State Office and the Imperial Palace at Atlanta, Ga. I was very frequently told by the said Sam D. Rich that he could get anything he wanted from the Im- perial Wizard. This verifier further says that he has personally met and conversed with the Imperial Wiz- ard, Hiram Wesley Evans, frequently, and has heard him speak on numerous occasions, and his very presence is a signal for violence and riots- The in- flamatory addresses delivered against the Catholics, the Jews, Negroes and foreigners, are calculated to stir up religious strife and racial prejudice to such an extent that riots and lawlessness follow. The dem- onstrators at many places become aroused, and mur- der, riots, and outrages are the result. Before be- coming a Kleagle each Kleagle was required to sign the oath of allegiance to obey and forever stand loyal to the Imperial Wizard. A true and correct copy of such oath of allegiance is herewith filed. HARRY E. A. MacNEEL. Sworn to and subscribed before me this 31st day of August, A. D., 1927. R. E. ZUKER, Notary Public. THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 53 CHAPTER IV. Many Startling Affidavits We have printed the foregoing affidavit of Mr. Mac- Neel in almost its entirety because it reveals so many hideous things, not alone as to the Carnegie Riot hut as to many other criminal activities on the part of the officials of the Ku Klux Klan. The size of this hook will not permit of many affidavits being print- ed, and for that reason we satisfy ourselves by print- ing from them merely excerpts. Coroborating what Mr. MacNeel says regarding the Carnegie Riot and that both Evans and Rich had planned to have at least one Klansman killed at that place, are the affi- davits of Roy F. Barkley and many others, Mr. Bark- ley being very close to both Rich and Evans, at one time one of the highest in position in the state. Another affidavit filed in the Federal Courts in Pittsburgh and Erie that we feel should be given in almost its entirety, and that in justice to the thous- ands of persons who have never dreamed that such outrages could possibly be committed in a civilized country like this, is that of Mr. Barkley, whom we have described above. Were it not for the fact that he is protected by the statutes of limitation Mr. Bark- ley would have incriminated himself in this affidavit to such an extent that he could be tried for many crimes, all committed under the order and by the direction of Sam D. Rich, the state Grand Dragon, and Hiram Wesley Evans, the national Wizard. Mr. Barkley's affidavit sheds so much light on the sub- ject that we give it as follows: Roy F. Barclay being duly sworn according to law deposes and says that he is a citizen of Pennsylvania, and a resident of Allegheny County, situated at No. 12 Elmont Street, City of Pittsburgh, and is thirty- five years of age, is married and has two children and is by profesison a private detective, being at the head of the Barclay Detective Agency, and has resided in the City of Pittsburgh all his life. That he was Kleagle of the plaintiff corporation with a commis- sion issued from Atlanta, Georgia, later the author- ized investigator for the State of Pennsylvania, known as G. 2 of Pennsylvania, there being only one other person superior to me in authority within the said Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, namely Sam D. Rich who was G. 1, and who acted as Grand Dra- gon of plaintiff corporation. Also verifier was Exalt- ed Cyclops of Central Klan No. 1 and later designated No- 32, Province No. 2, Realm of Pennsylvania, and acted in this capacity for fourteen months, being in all in the service of the Klan from July, 1922 until and including October, 1924, and during which time be- came very familiar with all of the inside workings of the Klan and all of its officers, also received in- structions from the Imperial Wizard and my services were paid for weekly by the plaintiff corporation from the Imperial Palace at Atlanta, Georgia. That the plaintiff corporation was responsible for 54 THE TEAIL OF THE SERPENT THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 55 a riot at Carnegie, Pa., on August 25th, 1923, in which a klansman was slain and many others wound- ed; with the attempted lynching of a negro at Beaver Pa., ahout July 6th, 1923, the kidnapping of a four year-old child in East Liberty, Pa., on June 4th, 1923- with the attempted lynching of a negro barber at' Oakdale, Pa. about July 12th, 1923; of laying in wait for a negro at Kennywood Park, Pa. about July 20th, 1923; of the knocking off of a man named Wilmot in Brentwood Borough, Pa. about August, 1923; of a riot at McKees Rocks in the Spring of 19223;* of a riot at Scottdale, Pa. about April 1st, 1923; and an- other riot at Lilly, Cambria County, Pa. about April 5th, 1924, at which several lives were lost and many wounded. That on August 25th, 1923 occurred the Carnegie not m Allegheny County incited and brought about and instigated by Hiram Wesley Evans, then Imperial Wizard, the highest known executive of the Klan and who styled himself as the Wizard of this military organization, this riot was caused by the Imperial Wizard who failed to secure a permit to march through the Borough of Carnegie and wh gave the command to disregard all civil authorities and march the Klan through the streets of Carnegie without a permit. Verifier w;»s on (his occasion the marshall of the day under the direction, command and coercian of the Imperial Wizard who directed some 21 000 hooded fctanamen in full regalia (o march through the Borough of Carnegie, and at which time on account of religious prejudice and race hatred which had al- ready been aroused through thousands of indignant foreigners, many of whom could not speak the Eng- lish language, were frothing like mad dogs, ready to fight, and when this body of hooded Klansmen were turned loose from the field at the command of the Im- perial Wizard and began their march without mit with the American flag floating, fiery crosses burning which means a declaration of war and sing- ing to the tune of "Onward Christian Soldiers March- ing on to War" and with the spectacle of pirates to the early ages entering and invading an unguarded vil- lage, but which met with opposition, bloodshed and murder. Thomas R. Abbott losing his life in this riot and many were seriously wounded with shotguns, stones and clubs. The next real episode which I was directed to com- mand under the direction and coercion of Sam D. Rich was the attempted lynching of a negro at Beaver, Pa., about July 6th, 1923, and at which time Sam D. Rich called me into the Grand Dragon's office and gave me his Imperial and official robe and sent he homes and teaching the women to murder and kill me out under directions with John Hockenberger, Thomas Greaves, J. E. Bollih, Charles W. Davis, Thomas Lamar, Herbert D. Seger and two other klansmen from East Liberty whose names I do not recall, all Klansfrieri, the said Charles W. Davis being the Exalted Cyclobs of Cairneigie, Thbmas Lamar being Exalted Cyclops of Coropclis, and I Was then 56 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT Exalted Cyclops of Central No. 32. We proceeded as directed by the said Sam D. Rich, acting as Grand Dragon of plaintiff corporation, and took this negro by the neck, after some of the Klansmen giving him a flogging and kicking him in the privates, and ah details were reported back to the said Sam D. Rich and the plaintiff corporation and the Imperial Wiz- ard became familiar with all of the details of the transaction. On several other occasions above given this verifier was directed under the command and coercion of the Acting Grand Dragon, Sam D. Rich, to carry out the attempted lynching of other negroes, and it was not infrequent that many of these sensational escapades were conducted in the name of the plaintiff corpora- iotn, and the Imperial Wizard was kept fully advised what was going on, it being his system of education and method of building up the plaintiff corporation, the said Imperial Wizard boasting many times that the Carnegie riot and the death of Thomas A. Abbott, a Klansman, had added twenty-five thousand new members to the plaintiff organization, and that the Lilly riot had added at least ten thousand new mem- bers, notwithstanding the fact it costs the plaintiff corporation many thousand dollars expenses, and j which they gladly paid out of the funds of the nation- al organization. On June 4th, 1923, occurred the kidnapping of a four-year-old daughter of Mrs. Margaret Ulrich in East Liberty, residing with her grandparents, Mr. THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 57 and Mrs. Mathews, at 623 North Negley Av nue, East Liberty, and which was directed kidnapped under the supervision and direction of Sam D. Rich, Acting Grand Dragon of plaintiff c rporation, and who was present at East Liberty at the time himself, and most all of the Klansmen were armed with revolvers and it took several automobiles to accomplish the job, and all this was accomplished for the benefit of the father of the child, Mr. George Ulrich of Mt. Oliver at the expense of the plaintiff corporation. I will relate just one more instant of the many that occurred while I was under the Imperial Wizard and that is on behalf of myself and what I shall term masked justice- One of my co-workers, Henry C.Howard, who had been with me on several occasions but owing to the fact he was turning our Lodge room into a poker joint it became my duty to chastise him severely and on this account he became my bitter enemy, and had his friend to prefer some trivial charges against me, being afraid to do so himself and for the reason he was implicated with me in many of our sensational escapades, so I resigned as Exalted Cyclops, and a committee took charge of Central Klan No. 32 and attempted to give me a trial, but being some what familiar with the game myself I demanded that the papers of the Imperial Wizard be produced for au- thority, and this could not be done so all that was accomplished was the hooded Klansmen having met and exhibited something like seven revolvers at the 58 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT trial, but when the case was finally referred back to Central Kian No. 32 for action, Klansman Henry C. Howard being in close touch with the newly elected Exalted Cyclops named all of the jury him- self and acted as foreman of the jury but since no one could see any of the hooded Klansmen this was ac- complished without great difficulty and brother Howard returned a verdict of guilty against me. The Grand Dragon and Imperial Wizard then both refused to grant me a new trial and so I was compelled through masked justice to have my bitter- est enemy, Henry C. Howard, pass guilt upon me and he remained at the head of this organization down at Central Kian No. 32 where he and another named Brownie board and batch and play poker. I might add that this Kian rose to a membership of 2100 un- der my management but since leaving under Klans- man Howard's administration it is now only forty- nine as the real law-abiding Klansmen would not stand for masked justice of this brand and call it 100 per cent Americanism. All of the expenses of the abdve escapades were graciously born by plaintiff corporation and details of which were given to both the Grand Dragon and Imperial Wizard who acquiesced in it all. ROY BARCLAY. Sworn to and subscribed before me this 17th day of August, A. D. 1927- R. E. Zuker, Notary Public Another affidavit filed in the same court that THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 59 reads like the story of Nero, or Ivy, or of some cruel, inhuman brute of the Dark Ages, is that of Fred J. Leavitt, and for the most part we give it just as he handed it in to the court, taking out some few para- graphs that we need not burden our readers with. Read this affidavit and then try to imagine you live in a civilized country. It follows: Verifier has heard inflamatory speeches made by Herbert C. Shaw, Grand Dragon of Pennsylvania, against the Catholics, Jews, Negroes and -foreigners calculated to stir up religious feeling and racial pre- judice and has done so in many instances of which this verifier has special and direct knowledge. That upon accurate knowledge received and had furnished this verifier he states as a matter of fact that the plaintiff corporation furnished its members or a great number of them with revolvers for the Carnegie riot which occurred on August 25th, 1925, at Carnegie, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, and that something over six hundred revolvers were pick- ed up by the County detectives after the riot and just after word was given out that a search of all retreat- ing Klansmen were to be made, the said Klansmen having dropped their revolvers in order that firearms would not be found on their person or in their posses- sion and this was immediately after the riot and these revolvers were found on the field something in the neighborhood of three bushel baskets full. Also ten were severely wounded of which three were stab- bed, four were shot, while three had their skulls frac- 60 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT tured with bricks. James Carey of Carnegie Pa was shot through the left thigh and found in the' alley off of the iMain Street, while Steve Zarunbak of the Pittsburgh War Veterans was shot through the stom- ach and was taken to the Pittsburgh Hospital. The Allegheny County Morgue Ambulance arrived shortly after midnight carrying the dead men off the field- Loaded shot gun and revolver was found in auto of Joseph Joyce of Carnegie by County detectives. One man who died in the office of Dr. F. B. Jones, Jr., Carnegie, Pa., was thought to be F. Leveler of Stu-' benville, Ohio, and one man had his privates shot off completely. That on September 1st, 1923, followed the Scott- dale not in Westmoreland County in a big field near- by called Mt. Nebo, and during the march several were wounded and one killed. That on Saturday, April 5th, 1924, occurred the Lilly not at Lilly near Johnstown, Pa., and which was conducted by approximately more than five hundred hooded and robed Klansmen resulting in the murder of several young innocent men and the wounding of many others. At the Lilly riot the following W er e the fathers of both young men who were murdered outright, Philip T. Conrad and Lloyd Paul, dead at the time of the murder, both were single men resid- ing at home, m each case the victims were the main support of their widowed mothers. All of the above riots occurred in Pennsylvania; on the above named dates, and the expense of which was THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 61 born by plaintiff corporation, Hiram Wesley Evans coming from Atlanta, Georgia, to conduct and give command for the Carnegie riot, and gave a rousing inflamatory speech just before he gave command to march through the streets of Carnegie. At this dem- onstration in the field at Carnegie each Klansman was charged fifty cents for entrance fee and which amounted to $4100.00 and there were taken into the Klan on the field and initiated or what is termed "naturalized" something like two thousand members or subjects and which netted the Klan something like 130,000-00 in cash including regalia and uniforms. That at the Wilkinsburgh demonstration all the women were furnished maple clubs and which they carried in the parade so that if any riot occurred they might protect themselves and in fact this was one of the means to bring on a riot. At these demonstrations the men were furnished revolvers and the women furnished maple clubs and all at the cost of plaintiff corporation. That whenever the Imperial Wizard says come each member has to come or be banished, and when he says go you must go or be banished. One of the ways of raising additional money was the Daily Dis- patch and the Imperial Wizard told us in one of his addresses that he was taking one-half of the stock himself in order to control it and so that it would not pass out of the hands of the Klan and that for all the members to get back of the Daily Dispatch and which most all of the Pensylvania members did. 62 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT Even the Imperial Representatives were sent into all the lodge rooms and given instructions to buy stock, and with the results sometliing over one hundred thousand dollars in cash was paid into the hands of Sam D. Rich, acting as Grand Dragon, and he and the Imperial Wizard literally robbed the Klansmen of all their hard earned money and the Daily Dispatch went up into smoke and Sam D. Rich and the Imperial Wizard kept all the money and has never yet ac- counted for one red cent of the boys' money, and so the members have been continually defrauded out of their money at every move that was taken, and the whole organization is denominated as a military or- ganization and you must stand for it all or be banish- ed, or perhaps bodily injured, in many instances. That the Imperial Wizard told us that the sale of all robes in the hands of the Gate City Manufacturing Company, a concern associated with his organization and that all members are required to purchase one and pay for it and that the Klan made a great profit. That in propagating his "Invisible Empire" the work, which is being done all over the United States by a highly paid and highly efficient field force, is being carried on by stirring up prejudice and hatred against Catholics, the Jews, the Negroes and the for- eign-born American citizen, and that riots are pro- ductive of great results as the Carnegie riot netted the plaintiff corporation over 25,000 new members and that the Lilly riot brought the organization over 10,- 000 new members. That this verifier has received his THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 63 information from many of the officials of the plain- tiff organization and is in a position to know of in- side facts. That each chartered Klan is required to pay the National and State organization from dues collected the sum of $2.80 from each and every member an- nualijy, payable semi-annually, or quarterly. The Klan at this time instead of upholding the morals of the country as is common with the high-merited secret orders which it tries to imitate, is destroying the morals. That very recently orders have been issued to have burned on every hill-side fiery crosses from the Grand Dragon, and which is calculatd to stir up more religious strife and racial hatred; also numerous de- monstrations are scheduled for Carnigie, Lilly, Scott- dale and many other cities and towns through- out the State of Pennsylvania, and that since the in- stitution of this suit numerous members of the plain- tiff organization have been banished without notice or any semblance of cause or trial and merely for the so-called justification of alleged personal grievances, and which is contrary to the oath of the Order taken from the highest to the lowest, but threats are now made by the Grand Dragon that he will banish every member who participates in this suit of Equity and who takes opposition to him. That letters are being sent out of a threatening na- ture to women of unquestionable character and which tend to stir up the community and arouse enemity among neighbors; that only a few weeks ago Roose- 64 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT velt Klan sent out several of their hooded Klansmen to chastise some of their neighbors and appeared at the doors of some of the victims at the hour of mid- night and almost frightened some of our honored citizens into nervous prostration, and that the Grand Dragon has full and complete knowledge of these transactions and never says one word of censor but the command being and it is always understood that masked violence and justice is superior in the eyes of the Grand Dragon to all of our laws and Courts of justice of the land, and that at Greensburg our Grand Dragon made the bold assertion that if we ever have a war with Mexico he will advise the Klan not to par- ticipate in it and thereby turn the Klan against the Government. FRED J. LEAVITT. Sworn to and subscribed before me this 29th day of August, A. D. 1927. R. E. Zuker, Notary Public. Mrs. Bayme H. Bittner, a member of the Home- stead Women's Klan, makes an affidavit that ought to stir the red blood of every American citizen against I those traitors to our country calling themselves "Wizards," "Grand Dragons," "King Kleagles," etc. Mrs. Bittner gives a piece of information that ought to land a lot of these criminals in jail for the rest of their lives. It shows that these Klan officials are not only teaching the male members to be outlaws, cut- throats and murderers, but they are actually invading THE TRAIL OF THE, SERPENT 65 the homes and teaching the women to murder and kill with a ruthless regard for law and order. Read what Mrs. Bittner has to say, and then imagine, if you dare, H. W. Evans being at the head of a Protestant or- ganization that is trying to save this country from de- bauchery and the "Catholic priests." What Mrs- Bit- tner says follows: Mrs. Mayme H. Bittner being duly sworn according to law deposes and says that she is past thirty-nine years of age, the wife of Walter J. Bittner, and the mother of three children, and who resides at 318 East Thirteenth Avenue, Third Ward, in the Borough of Homestead, in Allegheny County, and State of Penn- sylvania; that she is a member in good standing of the Women's Patriotic Association of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, and has held office in said Klan for two years or more, and was taken into said associa- tion in the month of October, 1923, and has been a member continuously ever since to this date, having held the offices of Klokard and Klexter in said Klan, and during which time became very familiar with the workings of the Women of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan having a membership in said Women's Patriotic Association No. 96 of Three Hundred or more; that since the organization of the above named Women's Knights of the Ku Klax Klan this verifier has attended numerous demonstrations of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, and one especially in the year of 1924 held in the Borough of Wilkinsburgh 66 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 67 at which demonstration over five thousand attended in full regalia, and this verifier and all other women of the Knights of the Ku klux Klan were required to carry maple clubs, or what those in command of said demonstration denominated as "riot sticks" and which were furnished all those who marched in said demonstration hy plaintiff corporation free of cost to said members, being advised that said "riot sticks" were hauled upon the grounds in trucks, and dis- tributed by the male members of the plaintiff corpor- ation m full regalia, or masks. This verifier and other members were advised to carry these maple clubs, or "riot sticks" as they were called, for protection as said members were advised that there had been trouble and riots at other demon- strations as these "riot sticks" were to be carried for protection, and t ward off trouble and stimulate the occasion in a military manner and fashion as we were always advised and admonished to be prepared for all emergencies as this is a military organization This verifier herewith files with her affidavit one of the maple clubs, or "riot sticks" as they are called and with a leather hand holt, being one foot and six inches long, and approximately one inch thick in diameter and octogan in shape, and this is about the only thing verifier ever received in said organization for nothing with the possible exception of red hot in- flamatory literature, and most of the times our lodge was required to make payments for all literature, the said officials usually sold everything they furnished for cash said exhibit filed is herewith marked for identification "riot stick" and which resembles very much a policeman's club. MARJORIE H. BITTNER. Sworn to and subscribed before me this 1st day of September, A. D. 1927. R. E. Zuber, Notary Public. We could go on and quote affidavit after affidavit, all bearing on the criminal practices of the heads of the Ku Klux Klan, Hiram Wesley Evans, the great American monster who is fomenting trouble all over the nation, and who seems to be trying to create so many riots that in the end he himself, Evans, will de- clare himself president of these United States and ask his followers to make him such through the mili- tary organization he has built up, PROVIDED he can have a comeback in numbers and strength. But the above surely is sufficient to satisfy any one that the Ku Klux Klan is criminal in every phase of its present or past activities. Nearly one hundred different af- fidavits are filed in the Federal Courts in Pittsburgh and Erie, all bearing on these points, differing only in what they know about the various criminal prac- tices of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan. Among the many Klansmen making affidavits are the following: James A. Miller of Scottdale who was cyclops of his Klan for many years; Dr. Hunter, who is another cyclops; there are the affidavits of Exalted Cyclops Sell, Ascomb, Cravener, Killgrapp Martin, THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 69 Near East Stroudesburg, Pa., a bunch of Klansmen took out a Jew and applied tar and feathers to him. Then they whh> ped and kicked him and sent him home. The Jew had no harmed one of the Klansmen and the fiendish deed was com mtted only that one of the leading local Klansmln miiht wreak vengeance on the Jew because of some persona grudge he had against him. personal ex-Killgrapp Roofner, all supporting the charge that the whole Ku Klux Klan is a conspiracy against the United States Government. Cyclops Reninger, Ted Smith, Koedel, Ihrig, Baughman, MacCosky, Uber, Young, Smeltzer, and a whole host of others, all de- clare that the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan is a crim- inal organization and basing their assertions on what they know personally of its workings. These men have all been in the Klan, they have all served their masters faithfully and they know whereof they talk. They recite incidents of crime such as the blackest souls in the dark ages would have shuddered to have committed, all these crimes being committed either by the high officers of the Ku Klux Klan or by the order and command of these officers. No crime is allowed to be committed under the Klan robe unless that particular crime is authorized by either the state or national heads of the Ku Klux Klan, so these offic- ials possess absolute knowledge as to every murder planned in advance, every flogging that is to be pulled off, every case of tar and feathers that is likely to take place, and every kidnapping that might occur. One Klansman testifies that the state and national officers actually have blanks to be filled out after these out- rages are committed so they may know that they were carried out just as ordered. In case a person or persons are ordered flogged and the flogging fails to take place as ordered, the ones authorized to do the flogging must report why it was not done, and if no good reason can be given they are either banished 70 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT from the Klan, or they are suspended from it for a season. Recalcitrant Klansmen, those who do not obey, as the oficers order them to, are often taken out and flogged by fellow Klansmen, and after the flogging they are taken back into the hall, given a lecture and told that hereafter they must obey. That Klansmen have been flogged by the hundreds, and possibly by the thousands, there can be but little doubt- The flog- ging of fellow Klansmen may be for manfy purposes, such as we have mentioned above, and then it often takes place when they are caught with women, get- ting drunk, etc., those doing the flogging for such purposes as these being the more respectable Klans- men in the various klaverns. They are often flogged for allowing their dues to go unpaid and for getting cold feet. When flogged, Klansmen are told that the next time they will be killed. This went on for years with but very few ever telling of these horrible and brutal crimes, those flogged always being cowards, or weak-kneed, like children who had been chastised by their parents, they would go back to the Klan meet- ings the next week and be as happy as if no flogging had ever taken place. If Klansmen who have been flogged would tell the whole story it would make one of the most astounding revelations that has ever been made in American history. But enough has been told to satisfy the writer that it is a system practiced most all over the nation. No strong minded and fearless Klansman are singled out for a flogging, for he would THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 71 tell it. When such a one becomes unruly the officials are generally satisfied with merely banishing him without a trial. It is a well known fact that the fear of death is in- stilled into Klansmen at their initiation. This can be testified to by Klansmen who have gone through with the initiation. But the question might be asked, "How is it that such practices can be carrie* out?" "How does it come that the news of such practices does not reach the better class of Klansmen?" Very few real worthwhile men are allowed to hold any office in a Klavern. Some sort of a yellow streak must be in every person holding a Klan office even in the local Klan. But few persons, possibly not over a half dozen, ever know of these floggings, and certain- ly none of the better class are told. The flogging and the fear of it keeps the weak man in the Klan, and it causes him to pay up his dues. But why prolong these tedious, gruesome stories? If you do not believe that the Klan flogs its members, just join some day and then act like you are just a little off, going away from home to take your mem- bership. After you get in, commit some trivial act of disloyalty to the Klan officials, always acting if you are afraid; keep this up for several months. Let your dues lapse, and tell in the presence of some of the of- ficials that you do not intend to pay your dues any more. Just keep this thing going for several months, and then.see if you are not waited on some night by a bunch of seven or eight Klansmen carrying with them 72 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT a whip. Unless you are a better man than all six of them you will very likely get your flogging. Any one in the south knows that the old Ku Klux Klan systematically flogged their own members, and that they were told if they squealed on anything they do they would be killed. This Klan is an exact dupli- cate of that old Klan, with many horrible brutalities aded to it. The old Klan flogged Negroes only, with an occasional white, and some of its own members when they committed an infraction of their rules, while the present Klan does not only flog Negroes by the hundred, but they flog them for fun; for the sport they get out of it; for the kick it gives them. They flog white girls, as in the recent case near Philadel- phia. The old Klan was not a mercenary organiza- tion, and no one made a dollar out of it. The flog- gings and murders and lacerations that take place now are committed by a bunch of people who have no other idea of the Klan except as an organization out of which to make monefy. There is a difference in the new and old Ku Klux Klan, but the difference is in favor of the old Klan. CHAPTER V. Will The Ku Klux Klan Hang Jews? If one is to believe statements coming from the state and national Klan officials, he must believe that it was, at one time, the intention of the leaders in the Ku Klux Klan to instigate such an anti-Jew campaign as would eventually drive every Jew from America. Indeed, that idea has not even yet been dropped by these same officials. If this be true, then every Jew, and every law-abiding citizen of America, should know these facts. We can not impress on the minds of our readers any too forcefully the fact that Col. William Joseph Simmons, when he organized the Klan in 1915, did not contemplate making it anti-anything. Just so long as the Colonel held the Klan in his own name it was never more than a mere social club. But E. Y. Clarke, a broken down newspaper man, convicted in the Federal Courts for white-slavery, and fined five thousand dollars and cost, purchased the right from Col. Simmons to organize the Klan throughout the nation. E- Y. Clarke introduced the anti-Jew features of the Klan early in 1920, just as he introduced the anti-Catholic and anti-negro fea- tures. Colonel Simmons hadn't a thing to do with this, and although he protested against it bitterly, Clarke had tied the Colonel up in an iron-clad con- tract until its originator could not help himself. 74 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT So far as Clarke himself was concerned he had nothing against the Jew; he did not care whether there was one Jew in America, or a million. What Clarke was after was the money, and if preaching anti Semitic doctrine made him the dollars, he would preach it. He soon discovered that the anti-Jew feature was a winning feature and brought him many new members. That was what he was after; that was what made him preach against the Jew. Keep in mind that Clarke was wholly irresponsible; had a very bad reputation, and his Klan activities did not better it. Then remember also that he soon con- nected up with H. W. Evans, now the Wizard, a man with no better reputation; then he locked arms with D. C. Stephenson, who is now in the penitentiary at Michigan City, Indiana, for the foul murder of a froung girl, and that his fourth partner was Geo. F. Fox, who is serving a life sentence in the state peni- tentiary at Atlanta, and you may obtain a fairly ac- curate glimpse at the desperate thing any of these four would do if by doing it more members could be added to the Klan roll, as each member meant ten more dollars for an initiation fee and five dollars for a garb. If either one of these four men thought it would be popular to tar and feather a Jew neither of them would scruple to either do it or order it done, for all four of them are criminals, Clarke a white-slaver, Fox and Stephenson murderers, and Evans charged in the Federal Courts now as being a murderer, this THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 75 time being the instrument through which a Klans- man was murdered at Carnegie, in order that it might be laid on the Satholics so as to force new members into the organization. Not one of these four men would have halted a murder plot against the Jews if he had thought it would add to the Klan roll in membership. All over the nation during 1921 and 1922 the or- ganizers these men sent out were instructed to de- nounce the Jew- They did it in thousands of halls. Everywhere the Jew merchants were boycotted in favor of the American merchants. In many cities in Indiana where the Klan grew so rapidly during these two years Jews went either bankrupt, or were for- ced out of business. I have seen scores of such piti- able cases. All this came about by the hatred to the Jews that was preached by these fire-eating Klan or- ganizers. The head men in the Klan found they could stir up the people over the Jew question and they agitated it until often the life of a Jew, who hap- pened to live in a community strongly American and few Catholic and Jews, was most miserable. No intelligent person can dispute the fact that there is, in America, as is in almost every country on the globe, a strong anti-Semitic sentiment. The Jew in this country has proved himself a good business man, particularly in the mercantile business. It is very difficult for a small American merchant to com- pete with a Jew merchant, largely because the Jew has been trained for centuries in the game of trade. 76 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT He knows it and he knows it well. These Jew mer- chants were preached against in the small country towns and thus the animosity of thousands of busi- ness men who joined the Klan, most of them for "business purposes," was so aroused at the Jew that the more ignorant of them would have done almost anything to the Jew the Klan officials might see fit to order. This anti-Semitic sentiment, still in our coun- try, was fanned into a flaming fire during the power- ful influx of the Ku Klux Klan, and at one time its officials could have created such a war on the Jew that it might have involved our country in a bloody rebellion. The reason these officials did not send out that order was not their fault, for they did not cal- culate on doing it until a year or so later, and by that time the Klan growth had not only stopped, but the Klan itself had begun to recede in membership and power. A dying organization could not then so suc- cessfully carry out such drastic orders. But many Jews were flogged, and flogged for no better reason than because they were Jews. Thous- ands of Jews were warned to get out of business, to leave the town, and to move out of the county, both they and their families. About this time the Dear- born Independent, Henry Ford's paper, made a most bitter attack on the Jew, possibly the most bitter and relentless attack that was ever made in America on the Semitic race. Early in 1921 Henry Ford sent a special representative into the South, and elsewhere to investigate the Ku Klux Klan. There appeared in THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 77 The Dearborn Independent a well and a most care- fully written article by this special correspondent c^i "The Knights of the Ku Klux Klan," and this, so far as I can remember, is about the only article ever appearing in a reputable American magazine that complimented the Ku Klux Klan for its work and motive. However, we do not charge Henry Ford as being in a combine with the Klan officials against the Jew, but call attention to this co-incident merely to show what a sentiment existed in the Klan against the Jew, and which sentiment Ford himself shared. Henry Ford has since retracted all his statements and made peace with the Jew, admitting that his paper had wronged the Jew. Naturally this representa- tive, at that early day in the growth of the Klan, did not know the character of its officials, nor their wicked purposes, for whatever one may say about Ford, he is not the kind that put their approval on dishonest characters. AH Ford knew about the Klan was what it preached, and that, on the surface, look- ed all right. In this book we produce a drawing of a Jew that was tarred and feathered at East Stroudesburg, Pa. This beastly act was committed early in 1924, and the victim was a reputable Jew of eastern Pennsyl- vania. A band of Klansmen, headed by the Klan or- ganizer, took the Jew to a lonely spot about midnight and applied tar and feathers to him, and after beat- ing him severely, they let him go. This Jew had not harmed one of these Klansmen who participated in 78 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT the fiendish act. It is said that he was going with a woman character whom the leading Kiansman was supposed to be keeping, but whether this was the basis of the brutal deed committed against him, or it was done simply because he was a Jew, no one seems to know. But the fact stands out, however, that this Jew was treated as here stated, and that the perpetrators were the officials of the local Klan, with four or five other Klan officials from a near-by coun- ty. Yes, the Klan officials, I have every reason to be- lieve, contemplated starting a propaganda inside of the Klan in the early part of 1925 that would have driven the Jews out of this country. Evans, Clarke, Fox, Stephenson, et al, being the desperate men they were, out for gold, and later, out for power, had very likely figured on just such a program as we have here stated. Just what they intended should be done with the Jew, is problematic. First out after the money, seven million members in the Klan by 1923, the heads of the hooded organization had begun to think the whole world would soon be at their feet. And it looked at one time as if it would, for it was during the year 1923 that Evans started a campaign to or- ganize the Klan in Germany, France, England, Can- ada, and even in Italy. Certainly these Klan heads could not have hoped to organize a Klan in France on the anti-Catholic sentiment, nor in Italy. In these two countries their main driving point was to have been anti-Jew. Thousands of dollars were spent by Here is how Evans is said to have framed Col. Simmons. This is said to be the picture that gave the Klan to H. W. Evans. 80 THE TKAIL OF THE SERPENT the national heads of the Klan in these European countries in vain and fruitless efforts to organize. I feel that I am perfectly conservative when I say that the aim of H. W. Evans was to drive every Jew from America, and that at the psychological time hd was to have declared war on them to the finish, even to the shedding of hlood. But of this we will have more to say in another chapter dealing with the Catholics. We propose to show in that Chapter that the Klan leaders, from one end of the country to the other, are now, and have been since 1920, when Clarke first took hold of it, traitors, and that every one of them should be tried for treason to the United States government. CHAPTER VI. What Did the Klan Officials Intend to Do With the Catholic Church? We have already shown you the nature of the campaign the officials of the Klan made against the Jew; that at the advent of the "Big Five" in the Klan, composed of H. W. Evans, E. Y. Clarke, D. C. Step- henson, Zeke Marvin and George F- Fox, the Ku Klux Klan as Col. William Joseph Simmons had organ- ized it, was an innocent enough creature, and that it was at this time, early in 1920, when all these isms and hatreds were introduced into the Klan. Now what was the idea of Clarke, et al., for introducing an anti-Catholic campaign? Only one word answers that, "Money," and that very word is an answer to the question why any other ism or doctrine of hatred was introduced into the Klan. After the "Big Five" took charge of the Klan everything they preached was for the purpose of making money. That and that alone was the main driving force back of the aggregation. But as the Klan grew it began to dawn upon these five men that even more than money might be won — they might be able to place themselves at the head of the United States government, either by ballot or by the force of arms. This was all carefully figured out. Their organization was a military organization. Every Klan organizer, every Klan speaker, and every Klan official stressed this fact. The members 82 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT were told everywhere that it was their business to obey and not to ask questions. The more bold or- ganizers told Klansmen, in their own Klaverns, that if they did not obey, they would not only be banished, but they would be summarily dealt with, meaning, of course, that if they did not obey they would be physically punished. It is a known fact that thous- ands of weak Klansmen have been taken to lonely spots and the lash laid on them, for no other reason than that they had offended some official in the Klan. Only the more timid would be treated in this way. The Klan organization is a despotic organization, its head is termed an Emperor, and his wife a Queen. Even its official name is "The Invisible Empire," meaning that the whole Klan system is some em- piric government, every member a subject, and the head a dictator and a tyrant. I have heard Klan organizers say, in their speeches on the inside of the Klavern, in speaking about the efficiency of the Klan system, that any minute they desired to do so they could mobilize an army of fifty thousand Klansmen anywhere in the state of Ohio in forty eight hours, every one of whom would be well armed, supplied with guns, powder, warring instru- ments equal to the most thoroughly equipped army, with cannons and such like, excepted- I have heard them brag that they could beat the Knights of Col- umbus any moment the fight started, but hearing such twaddle I thought it was said only for effect. However, since making a more thorough investiga- THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 83 tion I have come to the conclusion that it was not adl[ bluster, nor all for effect, tut that there was a great deal of serious truth in these statements. It is an undisputed fact that fire arm companies experienced a great revival in their business during the years from 1920 to 1924, the four years of Klan growth. The kind of arms Klansmen were told to purchase were generally pistols, or sawed-off shot guns being a favorite among them. Klansmen had no option whatever in their purchase of thes guns. If they were told to do so they must do so. Even mem- bers of the Junior Klan, boys as young as twelve years, were instructed how to shoot. At all the great demonstrations hundreds of these boys, from twelve 'to fifteen years old, would exhibit their fire arms, and feel proud of it. I have seen more fire arms while attending these Klan demonstrations than I ever saw in my entire life before. They were mani- fest everywhere, and were I to make a guess as to how many men would be armed with either sawed- £>ffi shot guns or with pistols at these Klaji demon- strations, I would say fully one out of every three had his gun. At the big demonstration held in Scott- dale, Pa., shortly after Thomas R. Abbot was killed, and at which fully fifteen thousand Klansmen were present, there were at least five thousand pistols, many rifles and scores of shot-guns. The Grand Dra- gon of the state ordered, by positive instructions, that every Klansman attending should go "prepared," and every SKIansmfci^i was taught what the word **pre- 84 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 85 pared" meant. At Niles, Ohio, and at Warren, Ohio, where two great demonstrations were held, hardly a Klansman was present who did not have his gun. At Niles scores of boys, not over fourteen years old, were given guns, and were told to guard the lines; that if any foreigners or Catholics attempted to break through the Klan line to shoot to kill. That order was out at that place. Several persons were shot, scores were wounded and injured either by bul- lets or by rocks and other missies- Every local Klan had its "Crack Shooters." Klans- men were ordered to go out at least once every week and practice shooting, and the more members who would join the gun club, the better. They were Frankly told that the day would come when they would be forced to use these guns against the Catholic church and that they must be prepared. Many local Elans, where the members were not able to buy their own guns, or were not willing to do so, kept from one to two scores of guns secreted in their lodge rooms, or elsewhere, so as to loan such mem- bers as had none, and who would join the "Gun Club" if they were given the weapons. It is said on the very best of authority, that for three years when Hiram Wesley Evans would make his trips in his special trains throughout the country, that loads of guns, the finest and best that could be manufactured or bought on the market, were always taken with him and secreted at some convenient place on the train. During these trips h e would be accompanied by a body guard of from twenty to forty men, every one of whom was armed exactly as the body guard of the president would be armed. In the days of Klan growth Evans would order any num- ber of Klan Dragons, Titans, Terors, or King Kleagles, to accompany him on his trips, and they would obey just as any other soldier or officer would obey a United States army commander. At the Democratic national convention in New York City, Evans, with a hundred and fifty lesser lights through- out the United States, rented a great apartment house on Long Island, and there he resided during the long drawn out convention, in absolute seclusion. It is said that his "apartment" was filled with the finest of whiskey, the best guns and the prettiest of women, just as if the Wizard were some king, po- tentate or tyrant. With a bird's eye view of the Klan a^ a military organization, its head as a tyrant, its officers as his tools, and the members, as the tyrant had thought, his servants, or soldiers, now let us see what this head finally intended to do with the Roman Catholic church. Remember, that in the start these four men had as their main object money, but as the Klan grew their ambitions also grew. It was during these years of growth that the criminal Klan leaders began to dream iO|f 'driving the Jew from America, colonizing the negro, and making it a crime for a Roman Catholic priest to preach, destroying all the Roman Catholic 86 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT Parochial schools, shutting up its educational and re- ligious institutions and denying a vote to a Roman Catholic unless he renounced Ms church. This gi- gantic campaign, fraught with all the cruel things that could happen to any nation, began to he out- lined in the heads of these five men late in 1922. Dur- ing 1923 the Klan attained to its greatest efficiency in so far as the number of active members were con- cerned and their willingness to obey their officials. About this time a quarrel began to brew between the "Big Five", which was more than a year after the "Big Five" had robbed Colonel Simmons and turned the Klan into a criminal organization. D. C. Step- henson began to feel that he was a more capable man to be at the head of the Klan than was H. W. Evans, its Wizard, and all who know both of them, believe h e was right. But Evans held a bill of sale of the Klan from Simmons, whom he had forced to sell by a blackmailing plot, and thus Stephenson had no authority to go further than Evans would permit. Stephenson had probably organized more states, had created more Klan sentiment, than all the other four, and yet he was just as much a servant of Evans as the least Klansman in the organization. D. C. Stephenson, now in the Michigan City penitentiary for murdering a girl, called a meeting of all the Klans of Indiana, Illinois, Ohio, and some other states and organized another Klan. Stephenson was made its head. Then Evans took drastic steps and ordered Stephenson, and all those who participated in the THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 87 seditious convention, to be banished. That hurt Stephenson in the Klan, but did not kill his influence. He was not put out of the fight until he was tried for murder and found guilty by an Indiana court. E. Y. Clarke also fell out with Evans and he was summarily banished, and George F. Fox was put out of the ring by being sent to the penitentiary for the murder of Captain Coburn. When Clarke was con- victed for white slavery his influence was killed- During all these trying days, which lasted for a year and a half, no audacious program could be put on, such as would be required to drive the Catholics out of the country, strip the priests of the right to preach the gospel and destroy all the Parocial schools and other Catholic institutions, and colonize the ne- gro. These leaders, the very fellows who had plan- ned to plunge this country into one of the most hor- rible civil wars the world has ever seen, happily, for the country, fell out among themselves, and while fighting each other the Klan began its precipitate in- tegration until it was made impossible for such a daring program to be put on. And now comes the test of these startling asser- tions. What reasons have I to believe that these offi- cials intended to start a civil war that would involve this country in such trouble? I have every reason in the world to believe it. First of all, there is such an anti-Catholic sentiment coupled with the hatred of the Jew and the despising of the negro, in this country on the part of millions 88 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT of the more ignorant, that under certain circum- stances just such a program as that could be put over, or I might more accurately say, could be start- ed with every prospect of winning. The nation had just emerged from a terrible and a bloody war; men and women for three years had been taught, in church, school and home, to hate the German. They could easily transfer that hatred to the Roman Catholic church and the Jew. This is exactly what was done. These Klan speakers were sent to every part of the nation and their audiences were invariably told that the Pope is to soon set his kingdom up in this country. Once make the average Protestant believe that and he is ready to fight. Mil- lions believed these Klan speakers, and they actually looked for the Pope to make his appearance at any moment, or at least, in any year. During 1923 these Klan speakers would tell their audiences that the Pope is to come in 1925. Then the Klan gathered into its fold every sort of character one could get to pay the ten dollars. Mil- lions joined the Klan who had not darkened the doors of a Protestant church in years. Hundreds of thousands of these were desperate characters, and they were the very fellows who were alwafys found at the head of the various local Klans. Hatred of the Roman Catholic church was con- stantly preached on the inside of the Klan. Horrible stories about the Knights of Columbus were told over and over, how they were ready to fight, how all THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 89 the Catholic Churches and K. C. halls were full of fire arms. I have seen young men worked up into such a heated passion against the Roman Catholic church by these Klan speakers that they would have been willing to go to war on the spot, if only ordered to do so by their leaders in whom at that time they had confidence. One day I was carrying a young Klansman in my automobile through a large city. We met several sisters of the Roman Catholic church and this young man yelled at them, uttering foul words. I rebuked him for doing so and told him he ought to have at least a little respect for women. He was not a bad young man, ignorant of course, but he had just been at a Klan meeting and was dreaming all the time of the day when the Pope would cross the Atlantic and take charge of this government. But with the disintergration of the Klan, a feature that none of the "Big Five" had figured on, nothing could be done to save the day for the traitors of this government who were then at the head of the Klan. The audacious program could not be put over. They waited too long; it should have been started early in 1923 in order for the wicked plot to have had any show to win. How did these traitors intend to put over such a program? That is as simple as it can be. Keep constantly in mind that I have already shown you that scores of Klansmen were killed, or ordered killed, by the Klan officials in order that their mur- 90 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT der might be charged to the Catholic church, thus provoking Protestants to join. These murders gen- erally took place at great Klan demonstrations, the demonstrations having been properly timed for just such murders to be committed. This was done throughout the whole country, particularly in the east and north. It worked well, for through these murders and other outrages the Klan officials were able to persuade hundreds of thousands to join "in order to protect themselves," as they would tell their audiences. If the "Big Five" had not waited so long they could have easily thrown this nation into a bloody rebellion and this could have been done any time during 1923- The Klan being a military organization, all its mem- bers told that, and few of its members by 1923 know- ing of the immoral and criminal character of the leaders, particularly of the "Big Five," had the word gone out to invade New York City, Chicago, St. Louis, and many other large cities, the members would have done so, and would have done it in de- fiance of the various city authorities. This is proved by the Carnegie incident, where a riot was caused by the parade through the streets at midnight by Klans- men in defiance of the city authorities and in com- mand of H. W. Evans himself, who was there when the parade took place and who was in it up until the fighting began, when he ran to the rear, leaving the women and children to fight themselves out of the mob the best they could. THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 91 As late as the fall of 1925 the Wizard ordered a mobilization of KJansmen in the city of Washington to show its strength. At that time the Klan was thought all but dead, and yet the newspapers report that more than one hundred thousand Klansmen were in march, and that tens of thousands of these had traveled hundreds, and many over a thousand miles, to be in the parade. This was long after Stephenson, Fox and Clarke had all been put out of business by their criminal acts, and after millions of Klansmen had been informed concerning the char- acter of Evans himself. If a hundred thousand Klansmen, after the organization had been cut to pieces by internal strife and whole-sale desertion, would answer the call of the Wizard and travel all the way to Washington to march. in a parade, what might the membership have done during the year in which its greatest strength was reached in point of membership, and when fully two-thirds of that mem- bership was perfectly loyal to their national Klan officers? Suppose the "Big Five" had themselves re- mained on good terms with each other and had agreed on the audacious program of which we have spoken, just what might one well contemplate would have been the result? Their first aim, in that wicked program, would have been, of course, to create an atmosphere in scores of centers of the United States that would eventuate in the whole-sale slaughter of Klansmen. The "Big Five," had they remained friendly, could 92 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT have ordered the mobilization of THREE million Klansmen on some one day and there would have been FIVE million present. Suppose New York City, Philadelphia, Baltimore, New Orleans, St. Louis, Pittsburgh, Chicago, Los Angeles, and other cities like these, had been ordered "invaded" in spite of the city authorities, what would have happened? Had that order been sent out five million Klansmen would have answered the call. Then as they began their march through the different cities the police would have shot them down, naturally to protect the dignity of their governments. This would have caused the killing of thousands of Klansmen and the "Big Five" would have been in a position to declare war on the whole Catholic Church, laying the tragi- dies of the night to the Knights of Columbus. Guess what you please as to what those who did not belong to the Klan would have done, I can tell you what the members of the Klan would have done— They would have marched to a man on every city and state government in the United States and by arms take charge of the different governments, or attempt to take charge of them. I know what I'm talking about. I was in the thing and while in it studied every feature of it. I haven't the slightest doubt in my own mind but that this very thing was dreamed of not only by Evans, but by at least D. C. Stephenson, and possibly one or two others. How narrowly did we escape such a catastrophe Here are four Klansmen, all armed with pistols, kidnaping a child from its mother. This scene took place in Pittsburgh, Pa. 94 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT as that one may contemplate in utter amazement. There never was a more wicked and a more daring plot of anarchism formed against any civilized gov- ernment on earth than the heads of the Ku Klux Klan plotted against the United States government. Every Klansman of intelligence knows very well that all Klansmen were systematically taught in their Klaverns to disregard their oath when it came to jury service. They were taught to perjure themselves; they were taught to disobey court orders; they were taught that it is high treason to disobey any Klan or- der that might go out from either the state or nation- al heads. Klansmen were, so far as the leaders could control the situation, taught to be mere slaves for their officials. In America there are millions who want some mysterious person, such as they were taught the heads of the Klan were, to lead them. These millions were taught to hate the Catholic church, hate the Jew, despise the negro and to have no love for the foreigner. The narrow escape our nation made was only by the good fortune of these Klan leaders falling out among themselves, or like the murderer who wrong- ?|r times his clock for the setting off of his deadly bomb. The Klan bomb was there; the clock was set, but when it was set, it was wrongly timed, and it did not go off. And we are not done with the thing yet; all the danger is not passed. Could these wicked officials, headed by H. W- Evans, whom I consider as wicked a THE TRAIL OE THE SERPENT 95 plotter as ever conspired against society, have a come-back for the Klan, there is no telling what trouble they could give us. That is why I am writ- ing this book, I want to warn the American people of the dynamite that is jyet in the Ku Klux Klan, and that it might some day explode and break up human society, so far as our nation is concerned at least. While there are not more than half a million Klans- men at the present time who have their dues paid up, yet Evans could, if not forestalled, call to his aid at least a million men, and he might be able to create such conditions with the proper mobilization of these men and women as would cause hundreds of Klans- men to be killed. Under such circumstances, having all his motives thoroughly under the mask, the peo- ple might yet rise up and join his aggregation of de- ceived men and women in such numbers as would convince him the original program even yet could be put over, and he might attempt it. But with such facts as I am presenting in this book, and other books I have written, and still an- other under contemplation, it is almost a certainty that the real character and motives of this arch traitor will be discovered by the American people, and that finally he will find his proper place, as I see it, in the penitentiary for life where his two co-part- ners and co-conspirators are now, George F. Fox and D. C. Stephenson. On a big hill overlooking Oakmont, near Pittsburgh, Pa., 120 Klan leaders from western Pennsylvania gathered for the pur- pose of burning a negro alive just for tht fun they would get out of it. A Klansman who was selected to bring the negro failed to appear. Everything was ready. A barrel of oil, and plenty of wood. The Klan leaders went home at three o'clock in the morning all very much disappointed that they did not see the negro burn. CHAPTER VII. The Carnegie Riot In another chapter I have already noted some high points in the Klan riot at Carnegie, but that tragedy in itself is of sufficient importance to justify the writing of an entire chapter dealing with it in detail. I am using this as a concrete example to show the crime, murder and treason, connected with the growth, propaganda and the expansion of the Ku Klux Klan. I propose to show to what depths of infamy and crime Klan officials would go in order that they might more easily bag the gold. No better example for that purpose can be found any where in the United States than the riot these Klan officials caused at Carnegie. Possibly no other one incident caused more members to flock to the Klan than this one of which I am now writing. The "Carnegie Riot" occurred August 25, 1923, at a time when the Klan had very likely reached its peak of active membership throughout the nation. During that year thousands of demonstrations were held in the different states, Pennsylvania, Ohio, New Jersey, Illinois, Indiana, being among the states where these demonstrations attracted the most attention. These so-called "demonstrations" served the purpose of the Klan officials in gathering in new members, often two, three and four thousand being initiated at one single affair such as was held at Carnegie. If these Klan demonstrations were held in strictly Protestant communities, not much trouble was gener- ally expected, and the demonstrators would usually 98 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT confine themselves to setting off fire works, bombs, speech-making-, etc. But if they were held in commu- nities where the Catholic church had great influence, or many foreigners lived, difficulties were always ex- pected to be encountered. Carnegie, with its adjacent territory, which in- cludes such boroughs as Bridgeville, McKees Rocks, etc., all situated within a few miles of Pittsburgh, and only five or six miles from each other, has a combined population of over sixty thousand inhabitants. Steel works, coal mines, and kindred industries, furnish the people with good, profitable employment, and general- ly this work is steady. It is a prosperous, well-to-do community, with about sixty per cent of the people Catholic and forty per cent Protestant. It was an ideal community in which to stir up trouble and have a real one-hundred per cent riot, such as was so suc- cessfully pulled off at this place. Before the Carnegie Riot several hundred had already joined the Klan and were wearing the hood. That night over two thousand new members were initiated, some of them, of course, becoming members of other locals. Nearly aU the members of the Carnegie Klan were working people, or they were supposed to work at least, and as for this matter the same conditions prevailed through- out the country. Business men, and persons of finance and influence, although begged to join, generally found some way to evade these Klan organizers and to ward off the Kleagles. Every Protestant minister, however, in Carnegie is said to have "parted with his ten and donned the hood." This "demonstration" had been well arranged, and THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 99 most thorough preparations had been made. Every possible detail had been maped out, even to the kill- ing of a Klansman. "Doc" Evans, the Wizard, had arranged to be there, and his coming had been herald- ed all over western Pennsylvania, northern West Vir- ginia, eastern Ohio, and many other points. It was to be made a red letter day in the growth of the Klan and it proved to be all its promoters intended it should be. Sam Rich, the state King Kleagle, was at his peak of popularity among Klansmen; Evans, the Wizard, was being looked upon as a little god, and many Klans- men believed that this uncouth, illiterate and vulgar- looking person had been divinely sent to earth for the purpose of redeeming this nation from the rule and domination of the pope. I was at the "demonstration", along with my son, who also parted with his ten. Even back that far I had no use for "Doc" Evans, as I had already heard so many stories concerning his immorality, and I could not keep myself from believing that some of them must be true. I had come to believe that Sam Rich, the King Keagle, was a veritable thief, as he proved himself to be later on. Nevertheless, I was there, and for my first and only time, saw "Doc" Evans. While I had already made up my mind that money was the main driving force back of the Klan, that "Doc" Evans himself was a fraud, and that Rich was a rascal, I had not yet come to the conclusion that either of them was a murderer, or would conspire to have Klansmen mur- dered in order that they might force men and women to join the Klan for "protection." 100 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 101 In former chapters I have made it clear how the Klan was promoted, how negroes and others were flog- ged, how Jews were tarred and feathered, how priests and members of the Catholic church were intimidated and insulted, and the connection that all these out- rages had with the phenomenal growth of the Ku Klux Klan. Riots always resulted in a big influx to the Klan, therefore these riots to Evans were as sweet morsels under his tongue. The fact that Evans him- self planned to be at Carnegie, that his coming was broadcast all over this part of the country, fully at- tests the great importance that he placed on what was about to happen. What Evans, Rich, and the Klan leaders in gene- ral, must have most desired, was to have a riot at Carnegie in which at least one Klansman would get killed. Could Evans and Rich, through their organi- zers, Kleagles, etc., go all over this state and appeal to the Protestants to join the Klan, using the murder of a fellow Klansman as an example as to what the Catholics would do, they no doubt figured, thousands of Protestants would flock to their fold. That is why Evans and Rich seem to have been determined a Klans- man should be killed, and why they made such elabo- rate preparations for his murder that night. In my book, "Patriotism Capitalized," I clearly show that before any demonstrations of great import- ance are held in communities where Catholics dominate, strangers are known to have appeared on the streets the day of the Klan gathering, and that these strang- ers would foment trouble by talking about the Klan. I name place after place where this occurred, such as Lilly, Niles, Notre Dame, etc. It has since developed that Klan leaders hired the strangers to come into these communities, this being one of their wicked methods for creating trouble between the citizens and the demonstrators. This very thing happened at Carnegie. Several prominent Carnegie citizens told me, that all day of the Klan gathering three or four strangers, who they were, no one was able to find out. walked the streets of Carnegie, cursing and swearing at the Klans- men on the hill, threatening to kill them if they came down to town, defying them to parade at night. These strangers made foreigners their target, and would gather little groups of these men on the streets and talk to them, telling them if they had any man about them at all they would resent the wild, raging bulls who were on the hill. Such talk as this was bound to cause trouble and was likely to incite a mob. I have plenty of evidence in the form of affidavits, etc., that goes to show that these strangers were sent to Carne- gie, hired to go, for the purpose of helping Sam Rich and "Doc" Evans work up a riot, they very likely thinking that being the best way to make certain a riot did occur. The fateful day arrives and everything is set. The wicked and criminal machinery of the Klan, head- ed by the arch conspirator of the world, H. W. Evans, and his puppets, such as Sam Rich, is in perfect work- ing order, well oiled and lubricated to perfection. It is now ready to grind out the grist that is to cause the fattening of the Klan treasury. The murder mills of "Doc" Evans are to soon cruelly exact their human 102 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT toll, such as these mills have been doing: for more than seven years, or since this arch murderer of all civiliza- tion first connected himself with a local Klan down in Dallas, Texas. He is now not murdering one by one, as he is said to have done around Dallas, when he presided at a Klan meeting and went straight from there to a field where he saw to it that a negro was burned at the stake. NO, if "Doc" Evans could have confined his murder and flogging activities to a few in and around Dallas, maybe it would have never been necessary for me to write this book, or even this chapter. But the Klan head is a whole-sale murderer now ; thousands have been killed, many of whom were whites, since he became the head of the Klan and kill- ed the Klan. As noted elsewhere in this book, it was planned to have Harry E. MacNeel, a Klansman, killed. MacNeel is very prominent among the Knights of Malta, an Odd Fellow and a member of the Junior Order, and is known among these fraternal societies in several states. If a prominent Klansman like MacNeel can be killed, and then lay the murder on some prominent Catholic, it would enable Evans to extract and extort from the pockets of the Protestants many more thousands of dollars than if some unknown member of the Klan should get killed. Those at the head of the murder mills of Evans saw to it that a Klansman is killed, if one is to believe several affidavits now on file in the federal courts. The day before the "demonstration" is to be held, according to the testimony of Mr. MacNeel himself, Sam Rich came to him, MacNeel, and told him that the THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 103 Catholics are planning to kill him, MacNeel, the next day at Carnegie. Rich told MacNeel to "go prepared," and to look for anything to happen to him. MacNeel is a man not to be easily frightened, and at that time not knowing that the Klan actually murders people by the whole-sale, and that their heads plan to even have Klansmen murdered, passed the incident up as being of little importance, feeling that Rich had been wrong- ly informed. I ask the reader to keep this story in mind, as I will drop it here and pick it up later on in this chapter. Let me now go back just a little and gather up a few loose threads I left behind. In other chapters of this book I show where all local Klans of any importance kept their "gun crews," their "wrecking crews," and show how the members of these crews are supposed to do anything from the bombing of houses, the whipping of negroes, the flog- ging of Jews, to murder and arson. Klansmen were not merely ASKED to carry guns, but they were ORDERED to carry them by their superiors, and the failure of any one not to obey these orders often meant banishment for them. It is very likely that fully two- thirds of all Klansmen throughout the nation learned to be habitual "gun toters" while members of the Klan. One could go to almost any ordinary Klan meeting, where a hundred men were in attendance, and from thirty to fifty pistols could be found on the persons of the different members. These pistols were carried for no persons on earth except for the purpose of shooting members of the Catholic church, the Klan or- ganizers keeping Klansmen in constant mortal fear that they would be killed off like dogs by the Catholics, 104 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT and were told to carry the pistols for their self-pro- tection. Even boys, under twelve years, who were members of the Junior Klan, were given guns and in- structed by their superiors to "use them on any Dago Mick that bobbed his head up." Thousands of boys can testify to the truthfulness of this statement. Klans- men were constantly reminded that the Klan is a mili- tary organization, and how have a military organiza- tion without fire-arms? In one of Sam Riche's military orders he command- ed all Klansmen to come to the Carnegie demonstration "prepared." These orders were read to all local Klans by the Kligrap. Every person knew what was meant when he said "come prepared," as in Klan circles that phrase always means "come well armed." The order was obeyed for had all the pistols Klansmen had on their persons that night, been taken from them, pos- sibly five or six thousands would have been found. I do know that after the riot three bushel baskets full of pistols were gathered on the hill the next day, many Klansmen leaving their guns fearing they would be arrested as they go home and be fined for carrying fire arms. I also know that nearly every sentinel that was arrested after and before the riot had a gun on him when arrested. There were enough of armed men in the demonstration at Carnegie to have killed every member of the Catholic church in that city within an hour after the slaughter started. If these Klansmen did not carry their guns for the purpose of Killing Catholics, then I ask, why did they have them there? Whom else did they expect to kill ? Local Klans always kept plenty of fire arms ready for emergencies, and ■^T THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 105 many local Klans would spend large sums of money for fire arms, purchasing them as a Klan for the purpose of loaning them to the members who were too poor to buy their own. State headquarters in the Jenkins Ar- cade Building, and later in the Wabash Building, was more like an aresnal at times than it was a great Protestant rendevous. Any Klansmen, without a gun, could get one by going to state headquarters and see- ing the custodians of fire arms. Bombs, powerful enough to blow up the Jenkins Arcade building, or wrecking a rail road bridge, were kept in stock by Klan state headquarters. These bombs would be clan- destinely carried on trains, contrary to the rules of the transportation authorities, in suit cases, boxes, and other methods of concealment. Enough of bombs have been carried by these Klan officials to blow up the train they were on, kill the passengers by the hundreds had they been set off. And yet one dares to tell me this is a "Protestant organization." Law abiding Protestants know very well that his Catholic neighbor is not going to injure them; they lived neighbors for years and they will continue to live neighbors until they die. Early in the day Klansmen began to gather on the high hill just overlooking Carnegie. They came not only from Pennsylvania, but from Ohio, West Virginia, Maryland, Kentucky and Indiana. By evening pos- sibly there were fully twenty thousand Klansmen and Klanswomen on the hill, and many place the number much higher than that. Little did these Klansmen dream that the two men who had gotten most of their money would conspire to have one of their own number 106 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT murdered in order to get more gold. The day soon passed and black darkness crept over the hill. All day long the maddened crowd down on the streets would roar its hatred of the Klan. On several occasions mobs composed of hundreds of citizens, many of them women and children, would make efforts to break through the lines, but Klansmen by the thousand would rush the mobs and drive them back. But the strangers down on the streets, whom I have good reason to believe were the hired crooks of the Klan heads, kept up their talk, trying to create a riot. They walked up and down the streets until late in the evening, and their work was done well. To madden the townspeople still more, and to make certain that a riot would occur, after darkness had hovered over the hill, the fireworks began. Bombs were set off, the detonations of which shook the hill, breaking many windows in Carnegie, and caused the people to wonder if really a battle is about to start. Then a great cross, towering into the air for sixty feet, was set on fire, and once more the hill and val- ley below were as light as day. After this, speech- making started, over two thousand new members were initiated and paid their ten dollars for initiation fees and five dollars for their hoods. Sam Rich and "Doc" Evans got their greedy paws on this money, put it in their box and toted it home, and they did this in the name of '"protestantism". Agents for the so- called "Dispatch Publishing Company," a fake corpora- tion launched by Sam Rich and "Doc" Evans, were on hand, with blank contracts to sign. Klansmen bought this fraudulent stock until it would seem as if their THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 107 lean pocket books could stand no more. When sales began to slacken, "Doc" Evans mounted the platform and told those listening that they should buy stock in that company until it hurt; he asserted that all the Pittsburgh papers were controlled by Catholics and Jews, and that after this proposed daily paper was started the people would have a one-hundred per cent daily that would tell the truth. Evans started on that platform that he himself owned fifty-one per cent of the stock and that it would always be a Klan paper. Then the folks started to buy again, not knowing that the Wizard told absolute falsehoods when he made that speech and that he did not own even a consider- able amount of the stock, and that if he did own any stock at all it was likely given to him. Fully three hundred thousand dollars worth of stock in this fake company was sold during 1923 and not one issue of the paper ever has appeared, and not one issue of it ever will appear. It was never intended by either Rich or Evans that such a paper was ever to be published. It was a fraudulent scheme of these two men to extract from their poor deluded members other hundreds of thousands of dollars. Where is this money now? Not one dollar is in the treasury, the salesmen were paid a small percent for their selling the stock, and what- ever else became of the money you will need to ask Sam Rich and "Doc" Evans, these two men doing so much to Christianize America and kill the Catholic church. The mid-night hour is almost upon up, the Klans- men are still on the hill and the Klansmen and Klans- women are about to start on their tragic march, being 108 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT ordered to do so by "Doc" Evans and Sam Rich, after the Carnegie authorities had repeatedly refused them a permit to parade. But the Klan is a super-govern- ment; its word must be obeyed, even though courts and mayors say to the contrary. The Klan is a mili- tary organization and those in it must not ask ques- tions. At this point let us again pick up the story of Harry E. A. MacNeel. Sam Rich hunts up MacNeel and informs him that he, MacNeel, is to lead the pa- rade. Little did MacNeel think then that it was a plot of Sam Rich and "Doc" Evans to have him murdered. Let the reader imagine for one moment the motive back of any person placing a man above sixty at the head of a parade where twenty thousand persons, most of the them young people, and where every one was looking for trouble. No man of normal mental quali- ties would even dream of doing such a thing. But I have described a conversation that took place the day before between Sam Rich and MacNeel which fully ex- plains why Rich placed MacNeel at the head of the parade. A gunman was hired to murder a Klansman, MacNeel was to be the victim and he must be placed at the head in order for the hired assassin to "get his man." Gentlemen, this is not only premediatde mur- der, to my way of thinking at least, but it is the act of a murderous traitor, treason to the very organiza- tion that had filled his wicked till with money criminal- ly extracted from its duped members, and a high crime against the civil authorities. But the parade starts, my own son is in it, but I remain on the hill, not caring to participate in it. THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 109 The throngs begin to sing, "Onward Christian Sold- iers," a song tragically unsuited for the occasion. What if these thousands of Klansmen had then, in some miraculous manner, been told of the murderous con- spiracy that must have been hatched in the hearts of H. W. Evans and Sam Rich? I say, what if this had suddenly been told these Klansmen? It is my opinion these two men would have been torn to shreds by just- ly angered Klansmen, and the same guns and bombs they had been ordered to bring with them for the pur- pose of "killing Catholics and Jews" would have been ironically turned on the two persons in all that vast throng who were destined to figure in one of the black- est crimes that darken and mar the pages of American history. Judas Iscariot betrayed his Master for thirty pieces of silver; Sam Rich and "Doc" Evans are about to betray a fellow Klansman for not thirty pieces of silver, but for the purpose of bagging thirty millions of gold. Judas gave the blood money back to those from whom he had gotten it, and then went and "hanged himself," while Evans has not returned a penny to those from whom he got it and has not had the com- mon deceny to "go out and hang himself." Judas no doubt thought his Master could in some way escape the mob when betrayed, and would not die, while all appearances are that Evans makes certain MacNeel does not escape the assassin's bullet that had been planned to have fired in his brain that night. The news that the parade had started spreads like wild fire all over Carnegie, and althrough almost the midnight hours thousands of mad citizens, women and children as well, were on the streets. Soon the side 110 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT walks were lined with these frothing people, and every- one knew that trouble is soon to start. Just as the van guard reaches a narrow bridge, on the other side of which the main part of the city begins, car trouble haults the parade, as a few were in their car. The jam being relieved, the parade starts again, and just as the bridge was passed by the two cars, one of them runs its right fore wheel into a small ditch by the side walk. Seeing that Klansmen were having diffi- culty rescuing the car, Patrick McDermott, a prominent citizen, and a member of the Catholic church, directs the rescue of the car, and in a few moments it is again on the street. "Pat" McDermott, every one who knows him calls him "Pat," is a well-to-do citizen of Carnegie and loved by both Catholics and Protestants alike. He is to figure in the tragic ending of this parade, which is our reason for noticing this little act of kindness of his, done at a time when most people under similar cir- cumstances would not have allowed themselves to do it. But "Pat" is one of those mild tempered persons, wear- ing a smile on his face for every one, who believes in doing good to "those who despitefully use you." In a few moments the riot starts, clubs were thrown, pitchers were cast out of windows on to the heads of Klansmen, guns were fired in every direction, by both the citizens, or the mob, as it is sometimes styled, and the Klansmen. When the parade turns the whole city into a furious battle, "Doc" Evans and "Sam Rich", according to testimony filed in court, began to run for the rear, these two having stationed themselves about thirty or forthy feet behind MacNeel, the one selected to be killed that night, Evans and Rich run- THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 111 ning like frightened Indians yelling to the top of their voices for Klansmen to return to the hill.. They did not take time to help rescue either men or women who were being knocked down and kicked by the dozens. Which side started to shoot first, no one ever will know. There are those who say the citizens started to fire before the Klansmen did and there are others just as honest in what they say who think the firing was first started by Klansmen. This thing is certain: Whether the members of the Klan started firing first, they did fire and fired rapidly, and it is also certain that nearly all the members of the parade were armed "to the hilt." Then Thomas R. Abbott, a young Klansman, who had just been initiated that evening, was shot down, the assassin's bullet entering his head. Hundreds of shots were fired, and it appears when Abbott was kill- ed, he having been taken to Dr. Jones office and died immediately, firing ceased by both the paraders and the citizens. So far as any one knows Abbott was the only Klansman killed, but fully forty others were wounded, many of the wounded being brought back on the hill that night, while truck loads of them were carried to the different hospitals and people's homes. How many citizens were wounded no one ever will know, but here, too, we know scores of them were wounded. There are four or five affidavits on file in court asserting that seven or eight from the street were killed, all foreigners, some of those making af- fidavits even going so far as to name at least four of those killed, where they lived, etc. I have also heard Klan organizers, when making speeches, say that at least eight were killed, and have heard them say that 112 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT they were rolled into automobiles of Klansmen and taken off and hid, some of their bodies being thrown into the river. This story looks plausible, for neither Sam Rich nor "Doc" Evans would have wanted it known if the Klan had killed any one and if these bodies were taken off and either burned, or thrown in the river, or buried, or secreted in any way, it would have been done after the order was given by "Doc" Evans, for no Klansman would have dared to have done such a thing if he had not been ordered to do it. The assassin, who seems to have been hired to kill MacNeel, simply got his wrong man. No doubt in the excitement he did not take time to scrutinize carefully and shot Ab- bott, who was just in front of MacNeel, Abbott fall- ing into the arms of MacNeel when shot. There are at least two persons who claim to have seen Abbott shot and these say he was shot by a man standing on the side walks just a few yards from Abbott. The terrible excitement over, so far as the Klan is concerned, and most of the members again back on the hill, the deep laid murder plot must be carried to its fulfillment. The murder must be laid on a Catholic, for that would enable Evans and Rich to go up and down this nation appealing to the Protestants to join the Klan and thus protect themselves from the "Ca- tholics and foreigners." In other words, some one must be framed. In a few minutes the news spreads over town that Patrick McDermott, a Catholic, had shot and killed Klansman Abbott. McDermott was promptly arrest- ed, taken to the Allegheny county jail and there re- mained for four days, when his hearing was held and THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 113 released, because no evidence was produced that would justify his being held. Then the corner's jury exon- erated him wholly. Later on, at the instance of Klan heads, McDermott was again taken before a justice of the peace, this time a member of the Klan, and al- though no evidence was presented, the Klansman held him for court. McDermott was ready for trial any minute, as he knew he was not guilty, and he knew he could easily prove it, but the Klan put off the trial from one court to another for almost two years, this in order to enable Sam Rich and "Doc" Evans to bag the gold. Finally, when the trial was held, no evidence at all was produced against McDermott. One Klans- man swore he saw Pat McDermott shoot Abbott, and admitted McDermott was in an alley when he shot, and that McDermott was at least 60 feet from Abbott. This Klansman also swore he knew McDermott, and when he testified to this, he was asked if he could pick him out of the crowd that was then in the court room. He said he could, and pointing to a man who resembled McDermott, said, "There he sits now." This entirely negatived all his testimony, and this fellow was the star witness for the Klan leaders. Had McDermott shot Abbott from the place this Klansman testified he did shoot him, it would have been necessary for the bullet to have passed through two walls of a house, through the throngs on the side walks, go to the oppo- site side of the street, then strike something and bound back, as Abbott was shot in the opposite side of the temple from where this Klansman swore McDermott was standing. A few other witnesses were called, but this was their star. The jury was out only a few 114 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT minutes bringing in a verdict of "not guilty." It is clearly a case where it was thought a Cathol- ic should be framed, and McDermott being a prominent member of the Catholic church, was selected by Evans and Sam Rich as the victim. If Evans and Rich did not frame him, then who did ? The Klansmen back on the hill, the excitement having rather died down, the wounded having been dressed by several physicians in the throng, some big hearted Klansman started to take a hat around, and asking for donations for Mrs. Abbott, and her two fatherless little children. Had this been done, several thousand dollars would have been contributed to the stricken family that night and Mrs. Abbott and her children may have lived. But "Doc" Evans stops the collection, and for the third time mounting the plat- form, begins to speak with a gutteral voice. He said there would be no collection taken for Mrs. Abbott, that there were almost a million dollars in the national Klan treasury, and stated that as long as there was one cent left in this treasury, it was for the use of Mrs. Abbott and her little children if they needed it. Now what did "Doc" Evans and Sam Rich do about the help of this widowed mother and these fatherless children? The next week they announced through the mails that a trust fund would be raised for them and within three or four months they announced that over twenty-one thousand dollars had been raised through the free-will offerings of Klansmen through- out the nation. Did that "trust fund" do Mrs. Abbott and her little children any good ? Evans was generous enough to send her "fifty dollars a month" for a few THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 116 months, and then when I exposed him he sent her and her family one hundred dollars a month for a few times. Then Mrs. Abbott died, then one of her little children died, and what has become of the other child I have not been able to find out. The fact is, this money was raised through the use of the United States mails, it has been criminally mal-administered, possib- ly all gone by this time, and not ten per cent of it has ever reached the parties for whom it was intended when given. If this is not robbing the "widows and children" I would like to be cited to a case where they were robbed. I was at one time informed by an attor- ney from Atlanta that this fund was hypothecated in a fake insurance company in Kansas City and lost. But the sickening tragedy of this story is not yet told. If "Doc" Evans and Sam Rich actually planned to have a Klansman murdered, in order to coin gold by reason of his death, they will need to charge the murder up to a member of the Catholic church, and that is exactly what we have shown they did. More than one person saw a man shoot Abbott, and willing to testify to as much. This is the man whom I have reason to believe was hired to shoot Mc- Neel by "Doc" Evans and Sam Rich, and if not by them directly by some one whom they designated to do it. But "what is done by an agent is done by the man himself," and what an agent of the Klan did be- comes the act of "Doc" Evans, as he is its owner and director, no person being able to legally oust him so long as he holds the controlling share in the corpora- tion. I heard "Doc" Evans say myself, while a score of 116 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT wounded Klansmen lay at his feet, and long before the blood had grown cold in the veins of Thomas R. Ab- bott, "Boys, the death of Thomas R. Abbott means twenty-five thousand new members for the Klan," seemingly that being his first reflection after he man- aged to get back on the hill from the scenes of the mur- der. Following up this, Sam Rich and many of his kleagles were heard on different occasions to say that the death of Abbott did bring more than twenty-five thousand new members into the Klan. If that be so, and I have every reason to believe it is, "Doc" Evans gathered in as a result from the death of this young man almost a half million dollars, and having done that, and then having raised according to his own statement, above twenty-one thousand dollars as a trust fund for Mrs. Abbott and her children, he al- lowed the widow to die for lack of financial help, and at least one of the children to die because its mother did not have sufficient funds with which to get it proper treatment. Can you find me a buzzard of the air whose beaks are foul as that of H. W. Evans, not con- tent with the ill-gotten gains coming to him because of Abbott's death, whose death was evidently planned by the Klan, but pokes his unholy claws into a sacred trust fund raised for a widow and her children, and devours that. After all the evidence I have been able to gather, and after talking to scores of Klansmen who were at the Carnegie riot, after reading many affidavits given by Klansmen concerning that tragic occurrance, it is my candid opinion that the actual murderer of Thomas R. Abbott is known to both "Doc" Evans and Sam Rich, H. W. Evans mount- ed the stand at Car- negie after forty Klansmen had been wounded and one killed and declared that Abbott's death would mean seventy- five thousand new members for the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan. vm 118 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT that these two men, either personally or through their agents, hired the assassin who sent the bullet through the head of young Abbott. I am aware of the import of what I am writing. I fully understand the political power of the one who assumes to be the Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan; I know that even yet politicians fear him, and that he freely asserts that "I can make and unmake presidents." I am not at all unmindful of the danger one subjects him- self to when he dares to tell the truth on a person having political power such as this person has even to this day. But I am writing for the public; I want it to know just who this man Evans is, and if I can get my message straight to the people they will believe me and pull down this haughty tyrant from his boasted throne. Now let us see just who he is, even going back before the time he first joined the Ku Klux Klan. I do not need to rehearse that. Suffice it to say, that before he joined the Klan he was a man of no import- ance, and so far as I can learn, a man void of Christian principles. It is said he could drink as much liquor as any other person in Dallas, and that this was only a little "vice" of his when compared to the others. I say these things because he now parades around as a "Christianizer," and a supporter of the "Volstead Act," and as an "Enemy of Al Smith." If H. W. Evans was at the head of a "horse thief association," or at the head of a gang of "Bank robbers" his former life would amount to nothing, for these things would be im- material. I say to you however, there never was a "horse thief association," or "a murders' gang," or a "bunch of bank robbers," who were as dangerous THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 119 criminals as the heads of the Ku Klux Klan. There is not a crime a black handed murderer ever did commit, that has not been committed by the heads of the Ku Klux Klan. There is no murder that ever was commit- ted that is any blacker than hundreds of those com- mitted by the Ku Klux Klan under the reign of H. W, Evans. I tell in another chapter that it is estimated that Evans himself, since 1920, the time he joined the Klan, personally superintended the flogging of at least five hundred persons, many of them white at that. Those who are in a position to know, believe that at least ten or twenty thousand persons have been flogged through Evans machine, ordered flogged by his ma- chine, that he knows today of hundreds of cases where floggings took place by the directions of the biggest men in his machine. Not long ago I was talking to a man from Dallas, Texas, and who was a member of the local Klan Evans joined. He says he knows Evans well; knew him be- fore he, Evans, joined the Klan, that he was counted as a non-entity. The Klan came around and Evans joined, and then murder and floggings started. This gentleman told me that he was in attendance at a Klan meeting when it was decided to murder a white man, and that at that meeting Evans presided. The white man was sent for, he was brought to the lonely spot where they were all gathered, and Evans still presiding. The man was condemned, he was ordered shot, and he was shot. This took place where this man told me he saw Evans, and that Evans was the presiding officer when it was done. 120 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT This man told me he, the man talking, to me, was present at six executions close to Dallas, all executed by the authority of the Klan. Just whether Evans was present at more than one of these six the man could not say, but said he does know he was present at one of the six executions. The horribleness of these executions were terrible, one of them being as follows, all the others rather like it: When it was decided to kill some one, whether white or black, two of those he saw killed being white, word was sent by the Klan Kligrapp for the "boys to meet" in some lonely spot. They would go there with their hoods on so that no one would know any other person present. A circle was formed, the victim brought and set down in a chair near the judge of the court called the "cangaroo court." The victim was ask- ed if he were guilty, and if he said he was not, he was given to understand that he is going to be killed any way, and that if he confesses they will shoot him, and if he does not confess, they will burn him alive on a cross. In this case the victim refused to confess, and every time he refused a Klansman standing by would strike with a black jack. Not extracting a confession from him with such tortures as these he was put through the "Klan's third degree of torture," which was tying the poor, tortured mortal by his two thumbs and holding him suspended in the air for five minutes. This was done to him, and still he refused to confess. Then the Klansmen were ordered to form in a circle, a match was given each member of the Klan, and the man was tied with wire to a cross similar to that which THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 121 Christ was crucified. Then the cross was suspended, one end put in a hole in the ground, oil was poured all over the poor, suffering individuals, and after all this was done, every member of the Klan was ordered to march around the man saturated with oil, strike his match, and while looking away from the man on the cross throw the lighted match at him. Soon he was in flames, the poor fellow burning into a crisp while the Klansmen would carry on a war dance similar to that of the Indians, or in other ways take delight in the burning of a human being. God help us; let us stop here. Why go further. If one member of the Klan has actually witnessed the execution of four negroes and two whites, in the name of high heaven how many has the Klan murdered and otherwise tortured during the seven years reign of Hiram Wesley Evans, the greatest and most monstrous murderer to my mind, the world has ever yet seen? May the Lord God of heaven rescue a poor suffering nation from the clutches of a miserable blackhanded murderer such as the head of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan appears to me to be. I close by relating a story as to the attempted as- sassination of myself. On August 20, 1924, while publishing The Watch- man, a sixteen page magazine, of nation-wide circula- tion, I exposed H. W. Evans as being a fraud, immoral and a scoundrel. It stirred the nation, and thousands of Klansmen on account of that exposure at once ceased paying dues into the Klan. In about two or three months after that date, I can not remember the exact time, a gentleman, fairly well dressed, walked into my 122 THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT office at Uniontown, Pa., and introduced himself as a Mr. Wolfe from Wilkinsburg, Pa., and wanted to know if I could use him on my paper. He said he was a news- paper man, knew the advertising game and wished to work for me. I told him I needed an advertising man- ager, and having made himself fairly well acquainted with me through references from persons I knew, I hired him. I took him down town, secured him hotel room, paid his rent, and he remained with me two or three days, then he excused himself by saying that it would be necessary for him to return to his home in Wilkinsburg and get some clothes, besides looking after some business affairs. He stated when leaving that he would be back in a few days. While in my of- fice we often talked about the Klan and he declared he had no use for it in any particular. This gentleman did not come. I never heard from him again until the latter part of 1927, when I ran across an affidavit he had made concerning the Klan. The up-shot of the whole affair is, this man Wolfe, who came to me late in 1924 asking for a job, was hired to come to Uniontown, put me out of business, even to the murdering of me, blow up my office, or get rid of it in any way he could, and he now says he was paid to do this by "Doc" Evans and Sam Rich. He also says that another man was with him, and that both of them were to commit the murder, or in some manner either get me out of the way, or out of business.. They did not "knock me off," of course, for I am here writ- ing this book and fighting the same anarchists who hired an assassin to take my life. Neither did they blow up my office, and the reason for not doing so, IV* THE TRAIL OF THE SERPENT 128 according to the statement of Wolfe himself, is that I treated him so well while he was in Uniontown that he did not have the heart to either kill me or to blow up my office. But it is not by anything "Doc" Evans did that I am yet alive, but in spite of the murderous machinations of this cruel assassin. Have I a reason? Have I a cause for complaint against these murders? Not only have they planned and carried out numerous murders, but they planned my own death. Evans can not run at large always; the law of the land will overtake him, and very likely the gallows, or the electric chair, or the walls of the penitentiary, will put this raging, murderous criminal where he can no longer harm society. This justice may not overtake him until first his political influence is wiped out, then the law will find him and locate him in his rightful place. I am opposed to capital punish- ment, and would not like to see him hanged or electro- cuted, but if Hickman, a young man who just now holds the attention of the public as a cruel murderer deserves to be hanged or if Ruth Snyder and Judd Gray deserve the electric chair, if all the evidence can be pro- duced in cases where Evans either participated himself in murder, or ordered it committed through his murder machine, a thousand times more will the people believe he deserves what Ruth Snyder and Judd Gray have al- ready received, and what the public is clamoring Hick- man shall be given.